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Function-Related Tests for Subjects With Stiff Shoulders: Reliability and Validity

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified August 2005 by National Taiwan University Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Information provided by:
National Taiwan University Hospital Identifier:
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: October 15, 2007
Last verified: August 2005


Shoulder-related dysfunction (SD) is a common health problem in various patient populations. SD can affect an individual's ability to function independently, consequently decreasing quality of life. A battery of simple measurable function-related tests for patients with SD is important.


The purpose of this study is to test the reliability, validity, and potential clinical use of a battery of function-related tests in patients with SD. Additionally, the biomechanical characteristics of the battery of function-related tests will be analyzed in terms of three-dimensional shoulder complex movements and associated muscular activities.


Repeated measurements and descriptive study


The affected arms of 60 symptomatic patients with SD will be assessed by two clinicians as well as by one clinician twice to calculate intertester and intrarater reliabilities. Assessment will include self-report measures and the battery of function-related tests (hand-in-neck, hand-to-scapula, hand-to-opposite-scapula, and modified Kibler's lateral scapular slide test). Pearson correlation or Spearman's rho correlation coefficients will be calculated and the correlation matrices will be examined for evidence of convergent and discriminative validity among pain, disability, and function-related measures in patients with SD. Principle axis factor analysis will be performed on the kinematic measurements and muscular electromyography (EMG) activities to characterize the factor loading of each task.

Condition Intervention
Stiff Shoulder Procedure: functional tasks

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Assessment of Function-Related Tests for Subjects With Stiff Shoulders: Reliability, Validity, Clinical Usefulness, and Biomechanical Analysis

Further study details as provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: August 2005
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2006
  Show Detailed Description


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with SD will have:

    1. A limited ROM of a shoulder joint (ROM losses of 25% or greater compared with the noninvolved shoulder in at least two of the following shoulder motions: glenohumeral flexion, abduction, or medial/lateral rotation)
    2. Pain and stiffness in the shoulder region for at least three months
    3. The consent of the patient's physician to participate in the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with SD will be excluded after an examination by a physical therapist if they have:

    1. Reproduction of cervical symptoms during a cervical screening examination (active and resisted range of motion, active and resisted range of motion with overpressure, quadrant test)
    2. Numbness or tingling in the upper extremity
    3. A history of onset of symptoms due to traumatic injury, glenohumeral or acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation
    4. Surgery on the shoulder
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00172653

Contact: Jiu-jenq Lin, PhD 23123456 ext 7559

School of Physical Therapy Not yet recruiting
Taipei, Taiwan
Contact: Jiu-jenq Lin, PhD    23123456 ext 7559   
School of Physical Therapy Recruiting
Taipei, Taiwan
Principal Investigator: Jiu-jenq Lin, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Jiu-jenq Lin School of Physical Therapy, National Taiwan University
  More Information Identifier: NCT00172653     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 9361701216
Study First Received: September 12, 2005
Last Updated: October 15, 2007

Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:
shoulder, reliability, validity processed this record on August 16, 2017