Clinical Studies of Kikuchi's Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00172445
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn
First Posted : September 15, 2005
Last Update Posted : December 10, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Taiwan University Hospital

Brief Summary:
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease is a distinctive syndrome of necrotizing lymphadenitis which was formally described in 1972 by two Japanese pathologists, Kikuchi and Fujimoto. It is a benign, self-limited disease that predominantly occurs in young women. It was more common in Asian people, especially in Japanese. The most frequent clinical presentations are fever (30~50%) and cervical lymphadenopathy, often tender in palpable. Other lymph node regions can be affected, and hepatosplenomegaly may be present. The laboratory findings include leucopenia with atypical lymphocytosis. ESR, transaminases and lactate dehydrogenase are often raised. The clinical features are easily confused with other conditions, particularly lymphoma. Therefore the diagnosis depends on the pathological findings. The typical findings are paracortical lesions consisting of patchy zones of eosinophilic fibrinoid necrosis and abundant karyorrhexis. In general, spontaneous resolution of symptoms and signs within a few months can be expected without treatment.For decades, the etiology of Kikuchi's disease has been speculated. Although the perforin and Fas pathways of cytotoxic T cells induce an abundance of apoptosis and thus induce necrotizing lesions, the trigger factor is unknown. Since the disease can precede or occur in association with a connective tissue disorder, especially SLE, the autoimmune contribution to the etiology has also been speculated. However, the clinical course of Kikuchi's disease, often sudden onset and spontaneous resolution, the frequent flu-like or upper respiratory prodrome, and the prominence of cervical lymphadenopathy, support a viral cause. Evidence for a viral cause also includes peripheral blood atypical lymphocytosis and elevated serum IFN-a or 2`-5` oligoadenylate synthetase levels. Several infectious agents have been suggested, including bacteria (e.g. Brucella, Yersinia), parasites (e.g. toxoplasmosis) and viruses (e.g. EBV, CMV, HHV6, HHV8, parvovirus B19, HTLV, HIV).The aim of this study is to collect cases of Kikuchi' disease in bureau of NHI and NTUH. We will analyze the incidence rate, age of onset, sex, season of onset and clinical course to see if there is any clustered cases, or nosocomial infection. Then we will study the etiology of Kikuchi's disease especially the infection causes by analyzing pathologic specimen and serology. We hope to find out the etiology of Kikuchi's disease and the new treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lymphadenitis Procedure: blood sampling, neck lymph node biopsy Not Applicable

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Kikuchi's disease

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00172445

Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
Principal Investigator: LI-Chieh Wang, MD National Taiwan University Hospital

Responsible Party: National Taiwan University Hospital Identifier: NCT00172445     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 9361700760
First Posted: September 15, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 10, 2012
Last Verified: June 2004

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphatic Diseases