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Hydrocortisone in Patients of Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Taiwan University Hospital Identifier:
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: November 30, 2012
Last verified: November 2012

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is an important issue for the emergency physicians and co-workers. How to improve the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) rate and prognosis of these patients challenges the emergency team. When encounters stress, the hypothalamus of human releases corticotropin releasing hormone, which in turn stimulates the pituitary gland to release ACTH. Then ACTH acts on the adrenal gland to release glucocorticoid to against stress. Foley PJ et al found the dogs with bilateral adrenalectomy had lower ROSC rate during resuscitation than those without surgery[1]. Karl H. Linder et al showed OHCA patients had high serum vasopressin and ACTH level but low serum cortisol level. Besides, the serum cortisol level had a negative correlation with collapse duration (no CPR duration)[2]. Studies also revealed the successfully resuscitated patients had higher serum ACTH and cortisol level than non-resuscitated ones[2,3]. In addition, the serum cortisol level was found to be correlated with short term survival rate and hemodynamic status in resuscitated OHCA patients[3]. Animal study also showed mice receiving higher dosage of hydrocortisone had higher ROSC rate and lower epinephrine requirement than those receiving lower dosage of hydrocortisone or normal saline.


  1. Foley PJ, Tacker WA, Wortsman J, Frank S, Cryer PE.;" Plasma catecholamine and serum cortisol responses to experimental cardiac arrest in dogs."Am J Physiol 1987;253:E283-9
  2. Lindner KH, Strohmenger HU, Ensinger H, Hetzel WD, Ahnefeld FW, Georgieff M.;" Stress hormone response during and after cardiopulmonary resuscitation."Anesthesiology 1992;77:662-8
  3. Schultz CH, Rivers EP, Feldkamp CS, Goad EG, Smithline HA, Martin GB, Fath JJ, Wortsman J, Nowak RM.;"A characterization of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function during and after human cardiac arrest."Crit Care Med 1993;21:1339-47
  4. Smithline H, Rivers E, Appleton T, Nowak R.;"Corticosteroid supplementation during cardiac arrest in rats."Resuscitation 1993;25:257-64

Condition Intervention
Heart Arrest Drug: Hydrocortisone

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Hydrocortisone in Patients of Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:

Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: October 2004
Study Completion Date: May 2006

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Exclusion Criteria:

  • pregnancy
  • younger than 18 years old
  • trauma
  • concurrent steroid use
  • ECMO use in resuscitation
  • allergy to steroid
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00172354

National Taiwan University Hospital
Taipei, Taiwan, 100
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
Study Director: Wen-Jone Chen, PhD Chiarman of NTUH emergency department
  More Information Identifier: NCT00172354     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 930502
Study First Received: September 12, 2005
Last Updated: November 30, 2012

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Arrest
Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Hydrocortisone 17-butyrate 21-propionate
Cortisol succinate
Hydrocortisone acetate
Anti-Inflammatory Agents processed this record on August 22, 2017