The Use of Platelet Derived Growth Factors in Total Knee Arthroplasty, a Randomized Trial
Procedure: Adding platelet concentrate to the wound
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||The Use of Platelet Derived Growth Factors in Total Knee Arthroplasty, a Randomized Trial|
- Decrease in post-operative blood haemoglobin concentration (as a measure for blood loss)
- Number of days of wound drainage
- Duration of hospital stay
- Range of motion (ROM); flexion-extension using a goniometer
- Number of homologous blood packed cells needed after TKA
- Pain score (VAS)
- Wound complications
- Amount and sort of analgesics required
- Outcome scoring systems:
- o International Knee Society TKA Score
- o 12-questionnaire score
- o SF-36
- · Patient satisfaction using the Likert-scale
|Study Start Date:||October 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2006|
The short-term functional recovery after a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is largely dependent on initial wound healing. Haematoma formation may lead to prolonged wound drainage and tissue necrosis1, which can have a negative effect on early range of motion, post-operative pain and length of hospital stay. In addition, studies have suggested that prolonged wound drainage also leads to a higher infection rate.
To decrease haematoma formation, primary soft tissue homeostasis and adequate tissue repair are essential. During the immediate reaction of tissue to injury, haemostasis and inflammation occur. Growth factors, especially PDGF (platelet derived growth factor) and TGF-β (transforming growth factor-beta), play a crucial role in the biochemical cascade at the site of repair. These growth factors are mostly derived from platelets. They act as chemotactic agents for polymorphonuclear leucocytes, macrophages, fibroblasts and lymphocytes. Both factors stimulate angiogenesis and fibroplasia. PDGF also has a role in wound contraction and remodeling. When applying large concentrations of growth factors in a wound, faster tissue repair and homeostasis can be expected, thus leading to less haematoma formation.
Treatment with autologous platelet concentrate involves direct application of concentrated platelets, growth factors and fibrin in the operation wound. A small volume (55-110 ml) of the patient’s own blood is taken to derive a platelet rich gel which can be sprayed directly into the wound.
The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of autologous platelet concentrate on blood loss (post-operative decrease of haemoglobin concentration), wound healing complications, range of motion, pain reduction and outcome scores when used in total knee arthroplasty.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00167895
|Hoorn, Netherlands, 1620AR|
|Principal Investigator:||Karin S Peters, MD||Slotervaart Ziekenhuis|