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Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)Screening in Health Care Clinics in Rural South Carolina

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00164567
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 14, 2005
Last Update Posted : October 23, 2009
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to implement universal screening for intimate partner violence (IPV) and to test two clinic-based interventions for women who screen positive for current or recent IPV. The study population will be implemented in Pee Dee region of the state of South Carolina and will include primarily low-income women who seek care at selected primary health care clinics in the region.

In this study, all women 18 and older receiving care at selected primary care clinics will be offered screening for IPV annually. Clinicians will use a structured screening tool to assess physical, sexual, and psychological IPV in a current relationship (IPV+) or IPV experienced by the woman in the past five years (Recent IPV). Clinics will be randomly assigned to implement a clinic-based intervention for women who screen positive for current or recent IPV. Two interventions will be implemented using a factorial design. In the Empowerment-Focused Patient Education Intervention, clinicians will conduct a 7-session intervention focusing on the health and well-being of the woman and attempt to link women's IPV experience with their health. In the IPV Services Intervention, IPV Specialists who are trained advocates from the Pee Dee Coalition Against Domestic and Sexual Assault (PDC) will be based in the clinic to (a) counsel women about IPV including safety planning, (b) provide linkages to PDC services, and (c) link women to clinic-based support groups developed specifically for this project.

We hypothesize the intervention(s) will change (a) clinician screening, referral, and IPV documentation patterns, (b) clinician IPV knowledge and perceived skills in working with women who have experienced IPV and their children (c) women's help-seeking behaviors, risk of poor mental and physical health, and (d) women's risk of subsequent IPV victimization. To evaluate these outcomes, we will survey clinicians and prospectively follow a group of consenting IPV+ women (N=300 in each intervention arm) to assess changes in their help-seeking, health behavior and status, IPV experience over two-years of follow-up.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Partner Abuse Behavioral: Onsite IPV specialist Behavioral: Empowerment focused intervention Phase 2

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1200 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: IPV Screening in Health Care Clinics in Rural South Carolina
Arms and Interventions

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. help-seeking
  2. physical health
  3. Psychological health

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. revictimization from partner violence
  2. child behaviors

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • female
  • 18 - 65 years
  • must screen positive for partner abuse
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00164567

United States, South Carolina
Care South clinics (Various)
Hartsville, South Carolina, United States, 29551
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
University of South Carolina
The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Pee Dee Coalition
Care South, Inc.
Principal Investigator: Ann Coker, PhD University of Kentucky
More Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00164567     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDC-NCIPC-3142
First Posted: September 14, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 23, 2009
Last Verified: October 2009

Keywords provided by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
partner abuse
intimate partner violence