Efficacy and Effectiveness of Combined Therapy for Uncomplicated Malaria Treatment in Peru
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This is a study of the efficacy and effectiveness of combination therapy for malaria due to P. falciparum in the Loreto Department, Iquitos, Peru. The investigators will enroll subjects ≥ 1 year-old who have a diagnosis of uncomplicated malaria due to P. falciparum. Patients will receive a treatment regimen consisting of mefloquine (25 mg/kg per day for two days) and artesunate (12 mg/kg per day for three days). Patients will be divided into two groups: one will receive drugs under direct supervision and the other will be instructed on how to take the drugs by themselves. Clinical and parasitologic response will be monitored for a follow-up period of 28 days. The findings of this study will be used to guide the Ministry of Health in evaluating its national policy for P. falciparum malaria treatment.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
1 Year and older (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Age > 1 year
Axillary temperature ≥ 37.5ºC and/or history of fever in the previous 48 hours without any other evident cause
Unmixed infection with P. falciparum of between 250 and 100,000 asexual parasites/mm3 as determined by microscopic exam of the thick or thin smear
An informed consent obtained from the patient or his/her guardian (in case of patients ≤ 18 years old) and assent for children (8-18 years old)
Willingness to come to the health facility for the following 28 days
Signs or symptoms of severe malaria
Other severe chronic diseases (e.g., cardiologic, renal, or hepatic diseases; HIV/AIDS; severe malnutrition)
History of allergy to any of the proposed treatment or its alternatives, i.e. mefloquine, artesunate, quinine, tetracycline, or clindamycin
Pregnancy (based on urine test), since this group of patients receives other drugs for malaria treatment in accordance with Peruvian national guidelines.