Nutritional Therapy for Stroke Patients
Procedure: Nutritional support
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Nutritional Therapy for Patients With Acute Stroke and With Poor Nutritional Status or at Risk of Poor Nutritional Status|
- Percentage of patients with weight loss >=5 % at three month follow-up.
- Quality of life, handgrip strength and nutritional status at three months. Dietary intake in hospital. Length of hospital stay.
|Study Start Date:||May 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Prospective, short-term studies in patients admitted for acute stroke have shown an increased risk of infections, bedsores, impaired functional outcome, slower rate of recovery, poorer rehabilitation potential and higher mortality in patients with a poor nutritional status. Sixteen percent of stroke patients are already malnourished on admission to hospital. The incidence of dysphagia in patients with acute stroke ranges from 30 to 45%. Dysphagia increases the risk of developing poor nutritional status, and new cases of malnutrition develop during the hospital stay, even during the first week. In hospitals without routine nutritional assessment and individual nutrition management plans, the risk of patients developing malnutrition may be increased. In this study patients admitted for acute stroke are randomised into either receiving nutritional therapy derived from estimated individual nutritional intake and nutritional needs, or nutritional therapy based on routine care; without routine assessment of nutritional status, intake or needs. Nutritional therapy: enriched meals, sip-feedings or enteral feedings. Parameters of nutritional status: Weight, BMI, TSF thickness, mid upper arm circumference, body composition, s-albumin and s-transferrin. Estimation of nutritional intake: Daily registration of food and drink intake. Estimating functional status: Hand grip strength, Barthels ADL index and Scandinavian stroke scale. Estimating quality of life: EQ-5D.
Before the inclusion started we decided to use the percentage of patients with weight loss ≥ 5 % at 3 months follow-up as the primary outcome measure because this is correlated better to clinical outcomes as e.g. mortality and comorbidity. Secondary outcome measures were then defined as handgrip strength, quality of life, nutritional status, nutrient intake and length of hospital stay.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00163007
|Ostfold Hospital Trust|
|Fredrikstad, Norway, 1603|
|Study Chair:||Truls Hauge, PhD||Ullevaal University Hospital|