COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH: Menu

MEND-CABG (MC-1 to Eliminate Necrosis and Damage in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00157716
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 12, 2005
Last Update Posted : October 31, 2006
Information provided by:

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine whether MC-1 is effective and safe in reducing cardiovascular and neurological events in patients undergoing high-risk coronary artery bypass surgery

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Myocardial Ischemia Reperfusion Injury Myocardial Revascularization Drug: (MC-1) Pyridoxal-5’-phosphate Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) effectively relieves angina, results in longer survival, and a better quality of life in specific subgroups of patients with obstructive coronary artery disease. Due to the high incidence of coronary artery disease worldwide, as well as the effectiveness of the surgical procedure, CABG surgery makes up one of the top ten most frequently performed procedures in North America and Europe. In the United States it is estimated that over 700,000 CABG procedures are performed per year.

Despite the benefits of CABG surgery, patients undergoing these procedures may also suffer serious adverse outcomes including operative mortality, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, ventricular failure, life-threatening arrhythmia, renal insufficiency, and stroke.

Some of the proposed causes of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality after CABG include perioperative ischemia, inadequate myocardial protection and reperfusion injury. The impact of these serious complications is significant. Incidence rates of death and MI following CABG surgery range from 5% to 12% depending on risk status. Results from large clinical trials have recently demonstrated the importance of neurologic deficits as a problematic outcome of CABG. These deficits include memory impairment, psychomotor, visuospatial, attention and language abilities as measured by neuropsychological testing as well as sensori-motor abnormalities associated with stroke.

MC-1 is a naturally occurring small molecule. Evidence from pre-clinical and clinical studies suggests that MC-1 protects the heart from ischemic damage and ischemia-reperfusion injury. This trial will assess the effects of MC-1 compared to placebo on cardiovascular and neurological events following CABG surgery.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 900 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Dose-Ranging, Multi-Center Study to Evaluate the Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Effects of MC-1 in Patients Undergoing High-Risk Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Surgery
Study Start Date : April 2004
Study Completion Date : October 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Combined incidence of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction and nonfatal cerebral infarction on days up to and including post-operative day 30.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Combined incidence of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction and nonfatal cerebral infarction up to and including post-operative day (POD) 90
  2. Incidence of cardiovascular death up to and including POD 4, POD 30, POD 90
  3. Incidence of nonfatal myocardial infarction up to and including POD 4, POD 30, POD 90
  4. Incidence of all cause morality up to and including POD 4, POD 30, POD 90
  5. Global disability as measured by the Modified Rankin scale at POD 30 and POD 90
  6. MMSE score at POD 30 and POD 90
  7. Among patients with a confirmed cerebral infarction, severity of stroke as measured by the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) at the time of stroke diagnosis and at subsequent study visits up to and including POD 90
  8. Psychometric testing results as measured by a short battery of tests at POD 4, POD 30 and POD 90 on a subset of approximately 150 volunteers per treatment arm
  9. CK-MB AUC (0-24 hours)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients must be scheduled to undergo CABG surgery (during routine scheduling times) planned to use cardiopulmonary bypass

Patients must be considered at high risk for subsequent neurological or myocardial complications defined as meeting 2 or more of the following:

  • Age >65
  • Current smoker
  • History of diabetes mellitus requiring treatment other than diet
  • Evidence of left ventricular dysfunction or congestive heart failure assessed by: ejection fraction (EF) <45%, left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) or pulmonary wedge pressure greater than or equal to 20 mm Hg, pulmonary edema by chest X-ray, cardiothoracic ratio >50% on chest X-ray
  • History of a previous non-disabling stroke, transient ischemic attack, or carotid endarterectomy
  • Urgent CABG intervention defined as the need to stay in the hospital (although patient may be operated on within a normal scheduling routine
  • History of a myocardial infarction that occurred more than 48 hours but less than 6 weeks prior to CABG surgery
  • Prior peripheral artery surgery or angioplasty
  • Moderate renal dysfunction defined by creatinine ≥ 133 micromol/L (1.5 mg/dL), but < 250 micromol/L (2.8 mg/dL)
  • Presence of at least one asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (≥50%) either in one or two carotid arteries

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Planned associated valve surgery or concurrent carotid endarterectomy
  • Planned aortic dissection repair or aortic root reconstruction
  • Screening visit occurring less than 4 hours before scheduled CABG surgery
  • MMSE score less than 24 at the screening visit
  • Current cardiogenic shock, acute left ventricular rupture, ventricular septal rupture, or papillary muscle rupture
  • Uncontrolled diabetes defined as fasting serum blood glucose value equal to or greater than 24 mmol/L (432 mg/dL) at the time of screening (if fasting serum blood glucose not obtained at screening, values obtained within 30 days prior to screening visit may be used)
  • Myocardial infarction occurring <48 hours prior to planned CABG surgery
  • Severe renal dysfunction defined as a serum creatinine value ≥ 250 micromol/L (2.8 mg/dL) or nephritic syndrome at screening (or obtained within 30 days prior to screening visit)
  • History of liver cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis, or severe liver dysfunction , or liver transaminase ≥3 times ULN at screening (or obtained within 30 days prior to screening visit)
  • History of malignancy during last 5 years except for basal cell carcinoma
  • Planned surgery for atrial fibrillation
  • Pregnancy or potential for pregnancy
  • Any medical or psychiatric condition which in the opinion of the investigator makes the patient an unsuitable candidate for the study
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse within the past year
  • Participation in any other investigation drug or device study within 30 days of randomization

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00157716

Layout table for location information
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710-7510
Canada, Quebec
Montreal Heart Institute
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H1T 1C8
Sponsors and Collaborators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Jean-Claude Tardif, MD, FRCPC, FACC Montreal Heart Institute Research Centre
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00157716    
Other Study ID Numbers: MC6021-CR-03-02
First Posted: September 12, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 31, 2006
Last Verified: October 2006
Keywords provided by Medicure:
reperfusion injury
cardiopulmonary bypass
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Myocardial Ischemia
Reperfusion Injury
Pathologic Processes
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Postoperative Complications
Pyridoxal Phosphate
Vitamin B Complex
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs