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Toward Gender Aware VA Healthcare: Development and Evaluation of an Intervention

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
VA Office of Research and Development Identifier:
First received: August 25, 2005
Last updated: April 6, 2015
Last verified: February 2007
The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate an educational program intended to raise staff awareness about women veterans and their health care needs and preferences.

Condition Intervention
Women's Health
Behavioral: Caring for Women Veterans

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Official Title: Toward Gender Aware VA Health Care: Development and Evaluation of an Intervention

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by VA Office of Research and Development:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Gender Awareness is measured during the pre-test, immediately after the educational program, and approximately four weeks after the subject participates in the educational program.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Participants rate their enjoyment of the educational program and offer recommendations for the program as needed.

Estimated Enrollment: 250
Study Start Date: May 2004
Study Completion Date: September 2005
Arms Assigned Interventions
Arm 1 Behavioral: Caring for Women Veterans

Detailed Description:


The primary objective of this project was to develop and evaluate a computerized program that would enhance Veterans Health Administration (VHA) employees� awareness of women veterans and their health-care needs. The program was designed to challenge negative stereotypes about female patients (gender-role ideology), increase empathy toward female patients� needs (gender sensitivity), and enhance knowledge regarding women veterans and aspects of their VHA care (knowledge).


Phases I involved generating content for the computerized interactive program. Phase II involved creating the 30-minute program. The Phase III evaluation of the program involved a two-group pretest�posttest�follow-up equivalent control group design at two facilities with a third facility comparison group. At the first two facilities, employees who provide either direct or ancillary care to patients were randomly assigned to either the treatment or the control group. Participants in the treatment group completed the program entitled Caring for Women Veterans. Participants in the control group and those at the third site completed a 30-minute program entitled Managing Stress. The data from the third site were included to test for infusion of the treatment effect within same-site groups. Gender awareness was evaluated at three time points using the Gender Awareness Inventory-VA (GAI-VA). Participants completed the GAI-VA several weeks prior to completing the computerized program (Time 1, n =339), immediately after completing the program (Time 2, n = 249), and approximately one month after the program (Time 3, n = 167). Participants also completed a qualitative evaluation of the program at Time 2.




Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

Participants must be VHA employees who have direct or indirect contact with patients.

Exclusion Criteria:

Employees who have no contact with patients.

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00156663

United States, Massachusetts
Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital, Bedford, MA
Bedford, Massachusetts, United States, 01730
VA Boston Healthcare System Jamaica Plain Campus, Jamaica Plain, MA
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02130
Sponsors and Collaborators
VA Office of Research and Development
Principal Investigator: Dawne S Vogt, PhD BA VA Boston Healthcare System Jamaica Plain Campus, Jamaica Plain, MA
Principal Investigator: Lynda A. King, PhD VA Boston Healthcare System Jamaica Plain Campus, Jamaica Plain, MA
  More Information

Responsible Party: VA Office of Research and Development Identifier: NCT00156663     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GEN 20-057
Study First Received: August 25, 2005
Last Updated: April 6, 2015

Keywords provided by VA Office of Research and Development:
Delivery of Healthcare
Intervention Studies
United States Department of Veterans Affairs
Women's Health processed this record on May 25, 2017