Effect of Selective COX-2 Inhibition on Ulcer Healing
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government.
Read our disclaimer for details.
The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of Famotidine plus a COX-2 inhibitor (celecoxib) with Famotidine plus dologesics in ulcer healing in arthritis patients.
Condition or disease
Drug: celecoxibDrug: Dologesics
For many years the integrity of the stomach mucosal barrier is thought to be maintained by mucosal prostaglandins (PG) synthesized by COX-1. However, the notion that COX-1 protects the stomach and COX-2 induces inflammation may be over-simplistic. In animal studies, COX-2, but not COX-1, is expressed in experimental gastric ulcer. Inhibition of COX-2 delays ulcer healing, indicating that PG derived from COX-2 contributes to restoring the mucosal barrier . Whether this animal observation can be generalized to the human stomach is unknown. To date the biological functions of COX-1 and COX-2 in the healing of human gastric ulcer healing is unclear. Unlike experimental ulcers that only express COX-2, recently we have shown that both COX-1 and COX-2 are up-regulated in human gastric ulcers . Furthermore, our preliminary results suggest that inhibition of COX-2 alone may not lead to a clinically significant delay in ulcer healing (refer to progress report). These observations suggest that peptic ulcer healing is more complex in the human stomach - both COX isoforms may be involved in the healing process. Inhibition of COX-2 alone may have less adverse effect than non-selective inhibition of both COX isoforms in ulcer healing. The current study aims to resolve the functional significance of COX-2 in human gastric ulcer from a biological and clinical perspective.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Gastric ulcers confirmed by endoscopy
Stop taking NSAIDs for 1 week prior to endoscopy
H. pylori negative
Informed written consent
Actively bleeding ulcers
Ulcers showing dysplasia or malignancy
Renal failure (serum creatinine >200umol/l)
Previous gastric surgery
Moribund or terminal malignancy
Concomitant use of proton pump inhibitor, misoprostol, aspirin, steroid or anticoagulant