Serious Medication Errors in Pediatrics: Evaluation of Prevention Strategies
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The purpose of this study is to determine how effective ward-based clinical pharmacists and computerized physician order entry systems are in reducing serious medication errors in pediatric inpatients.
Condition or disease
Behavioral: computerized physician order entry
This is a prospective cohort study at Children's Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH), before and after the introduction of two distinct interventions. The first intervention at Children's Hospital was the introduction of clinical pharmacists on inpatient pediatric wards to target errors at the stages of physician ordering and nurse transcription. The second intervention is technological: the introduction of physician computer order entry at the BWH neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). This intervention will most effectively target errors at the stage of physician ordering, and secondarily address errors at the stage of pharmacy dispensing and nurse transcription. Data on serious medication errors will be collected pre and post each intervention.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Patients in the BWH NICU in the study pods during the study period
Patients in other units, non-study pods, or outside of the study period