Effect of Irbesartan on Endothelial Function of the Retinal Vasculature in Patients With Hypercholesterolemia
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The retinal vasculature is morphologically and functionally related to the cerebral vessels due to its common origin from the internal carotid artery. A recent study demonstrated that endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the retinal vasculature is impaired in patients with essential hypertension, which is a strong risk factor for stroke. Furthermore, AT1-receptor blockade was demonstrated to improve retinal endothelium-dependent vasodilation in these hypertensive patients. Hypercholesterolemia is also a risk factor for ischemic stroke and impairment of endothelial function has been observed in various vascular beds in hypercholesterolemic patients, including the coronary and the forearm vasculature. Whether endothelial function of the retinal vasculature is impaired in patients with hypercholesterolemia has not yet been investigated. In patients with stroke, AT1-receptor blockade and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition have beneficial effects on clinical outcome. Alterations of endothelial function of the cerebral vasculature might be one pathogenetic factor for the beneficial clinical outcome. To further address this issue, the present study was designed to test the hypothesis that endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the retinal vasculature is impaired in hypercholesterolemic patients and that endothelial function can be improved by AT1-receptor blockade.
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 65 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Male patients aged 18-65 years with LDL-cholesterol >= 130mg/dl
Male healthy control subjects aged 18-65 years
All kinds of secondary hyperlipidemia.
Advanced damage of vital organs (grades III and IV retinopathy)
Lipid-lowering drugs (including lipid lowering dietary supplements or food additives) within the last 4 weeks
History of serious hypersensitivity reaction to AT1-receptor blockers
Actual or anamnestic alcohol- or drug abuse.
Smokers or ex-smokers < 1 year.
Patients with Diabetes mellitus (oral medication or insulin).
Patients with arterial fibrillation or AV-Block (II° or more).
Patients with anamnestic myocardial infarction.
Patients with instable angina pectoris including EcG-aberrations or cardiac insufficiency NYHA III or IV.
History of malignancy (unless a documented disease-free period exceeding 10 years is present) with the exception of basal cell carcinoma of the skin
History of allograft transplantation
Patients with anaphylaxis or known therapy resistance of the used test matters
Therapy with not approved concomitant medication, or participation in a clinical study within 4 weeks preceding treatment start.
Disease which interfere with the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of the study drug.
Liver or kidney disease with SGOT, GPT, g-GT, AP, bilirubin and creatinin above 200% of standard.
Patients, who are not sufficiently compliant, or patients, who are not capable or willing to appear for controlling visits.
Presumed risk of transmission of HIV or hepatitis via blood from the proband