The Effectiveness of Car Seat Checks at Routine Pediatric Visits

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00152568
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 9, 2005
Last Update Posted : September 5, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Chicago

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of checking car seats during pediatric well-child visits on the use and properness of use of car seats for children 0-8 years. We are following up with families when they return for the next pediatric check up to see if they are appropriately using car seats for their children.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Behavioral: Car Seat Check (behavior) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the effectiveness of a car seat inspection at the time of a pediatric visit on the proper use of car seats 4-6 months later.

Motor vehicle-related injury is the leading cause of death of children. Proper restraint in a motor vehicle reduces the risk of fatality in a crash by approximately 70%. However, multiple studies have found approximately 85% of car seats are misused. Urban poor and minority populations have been found to have higher child passenger death rates, and may have lower car seat usage rates than the rest of the population. Child passenger safety (CPS) technicians trained by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and certified by the American Automobile Association (AAA) capably check proper car seat usage in "check up" events, and operate recently established "fitting stations." However, we are not aware of an attempt to provide the CPS technical services to families attending a routine checkup with their medical provider.

This project will involve implementing and evaluating a program providing car seat checks at the time of routine pediatric visits at the Friend Family Health Center (FFHC). To determine if the car seat checks improve proper car seat use, children who receive the intervention will have their car seat use reassessed at the time of a scheduled return visit to their medical provider. The frequency of routinely scheduled health maintenance visits is greatest for the youngest children. Opportunities to collect follow up car seat use data therefore will be greatest for the youngest children. This evaluation will focus on 0 year olds. While we will also assess the older children and booster seat use, the sample size calculation for this study was determined for these younger children.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 364 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: The Effectiveness of Car Seat Checks at Routine Pediatric Visits
Study Start Date : June 2001
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2003
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2003

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Child Passenger Safety Technician services Behavioral: Car Seat Check (behavior)
At time of well child visit, family receives the services of a certified child passenger safety technician, including assessment, car seat distribution if needed and training.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Car seat us [ Time Frame: median of 105.5 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proper car seat use [ Time Frame: 86.5 days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 8 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Children aged 0-8 years
  • Child's family has a vehicle

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Children over 8 years of age
  • Child's family does not have a vehicle

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00152568

United States, Illinois
The University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Chicago
Principal Investigator: Kyran Quinlan, M.D., M.P.H. University of Chicago

Responsible Party: University of Chicago Identifier: NCT00152568     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11119A
First Posted: September 9, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 5, 2013
Last Verified: September 2013

Keywords provided by University of Chicago:
Car Seat Check