Post-Hospital Case Management to Improve Clinical Outcomes in Individuals Requiring Mechanical Ventilation
King County Lung Injury Project: Survivor Outcome Study (KCLIP:SOS) is a randomized trial for individuals who have survived prolonged mechanical ventilation (5 days or more). The objective is to enroll individuals who are likely to have impaired health status resulting from prolonged critical illness but whose long term prognosis is good. Such individuals are most likely to benefit from the study intervention of case management targeted at post intensive care complications.
KCLIP:SOS will test whether an outpatient intervention based on a nurse using a targeted case management tool can reduce patient morbidity and improve quality of life in the 6 months following hospital discharge. This intervention will be compared to usual post-hospital care.
|Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome||Behavioral: Targeted Case Management Behavioral: Usual care|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||King County Lung Injury Project: Survivor Outcome Study (KCLIP:SOS)|
- Scores for quality of life measures [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2003|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Targeted nurse case management
Behavioral: Targeted Case Management
A nurse case manager will assess and follow intervention arm subjects for six months. Nurse case manager will help subjects acquire needed community health services.
Active Comparator: 2
Behavioral: Usual care
Participants will receive usual care.
The purpose of this study is to understand individuals' physical and emotional conditions and concerns after being ventilated in the hospital. Modern hospital care helps many people survive even if they are on ventilators for long periods of time. Some individuals who leave the hospital after this kind of intensive care suffer from depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, muscle weakness, tiredness or breathing difficulties that may decrease their quality of life. Doctors know little about finding and treating these problems in survivors of mechanical ventilation.
Participants will be randomly assigned in blocks of 10 (5 participants to usual care and 5 participants to case management) for home or skilled nursing facility discharges. The Outcome Assessors (the interviewers collecting outcomes data) will be blinded to group assignment.
Primary outcome: All participants will have a baseline interview soon after hospital discharge and a final interview at the end of the 6-month intervention period (outcome assessments). All subjects will be asked to keep a diary/journal of their medical appointments, health services, and medications. Participants will be called once a month to collect this information.
Key secondary outcomes: Case management participants will be contacted by the nurse case manager who will provide follow-up care for 6 months. At the end of the study, interview results will be sent to the personal physician of the usual care participants so that appropriate care can follow.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00149513
|United States, Washington|
|University of Washington|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98104|
|Principal Investigator:||Gordon Rubenfeld, MD||University of Washington|