A Study of Two Versus Three Daily Injections in Children and Adolescents With Newly Diagnosed Type 1 Diabetes
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The optimal insulin regimen for children and adolescents with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes remains unknown. The purpose of this study is to determine whether a split evening injection regimen (insulin injections before breakfast, supper and bedtime) leads to better glucose control and quality of life than twice daily insulin in children and adolescents with new onset diabetes.
Condition or disease
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Drug: Twice Daily versus Three Times Daily Insulin Injections
The optimal insulin regimen for children and adolescents with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes remains unknown. No published studies have examined the effectiveness of a split evening (three times daily) injection regimen in this group of patients. Indeed, because the first few years of diabetes management are the easiest (due to a “honeymoon” period characterised by residual insulin secretion), the potential for any benefit from more intensive management (i.e., three daily injections) may be small during this period. In addition, the intensity of the initial insulin regimen may be an important determinant of quality of life, family functioning, and subsequent compliance with diabetes regimens. A randomized controlled trial has been designed to test the hypothesis that a split evening injection regimen leads to better glycemic control and quality of life than twice daily insulin in children and adolescents with new onset diabetes.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
up to 17 Years (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
New onset type 1 diabetes
Less than 48 hours since first insulin injection
Child and/or parent able to read and write English
Family intends to continue treatment at our institution for the next two years
Informed consent from adolescents greater than 16 years of age, or if less than 16 years, informed consent from the parent/guardian with assent from the child.
Chronic medical conditions other than treated hypothyroidism or mild asthma
Concerns of the diabetes team regarding future treatment adherence making twice daily insulin preferable to the split evening injection regimen (e.g., cognitive impairment, severe family dysfunction).