Novel Strategies for Reducing Heart Disease Risk Disparities (HeartSCORE)
This Western Pennsylvania-based study will (1) improve cardiovascular risk stratification to identify high-risk populations, (2) identify disparities in cardiovascular risk based on race, socioeconomic status, and geographic location, (3) evaluate mechanisms for population differences in cardiovascular risk, and (4) implement a multidisciplinary community-based intervention program to decrease cardiovascular risk in high-risk populations. These goals, which are designed to eliminate ethnic and racial health disparities, are closely tied to the National Initiative to Eliminate Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health and the nation's health promotion and disease prevention agenda established in Healthy People 2010.
This is a prospective cohort study of 2,000 residents of the state of Pennsylvania with approximately equal representation of white and African American subjects. All participants will undergo assessments of traditional and nontraditional risk factors to identify and determine the mechanisms of population disparities in cardiovascular risk. 800 participants who are at intermediate or high risk of cardiovascular disease will be randomly assigned to either (1) usual care/"advice only"; or (2) a multidisciplinary behavioral modification program to determine the most effective approach to reduce or eliminate racial, socioeconomic and geographic disparities in cardiovascular risk. All participants will undergo long-term follow-up for cardiovascular events.
|Cardiovascular Diseases||Behavioral: Nutrition, Exercise, Stress Management Counseling Other: usual care|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Heart Strategies Concentrating On Risk Evaluation (Heart SCORE) Study|
- CVD Events [ Time Frame: 20 years ]Major adverse cardiovascular events
|Study Start Date:||March 2003|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2024|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2024 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: 1
Intervention: 6 months of individualized advice regarding Nutrition, Exercise, Stress Management Counseling for participants who are at intermediate or high Framingham risk for CVD and are randomized to Arm 1
Behavioral: Nutrition, Exercise, Stress Management Counseling
Placebo Comparator: 2
Intervenition: 6 months of Usual care for participants who are at intermediate or high Framingham risk for CVD and are randomized to Arm 2. No active Nutrition, Exercise, Stress Management Counseling
Other: usual care
No Intervention: 3
No intervention for all participants who are at low Framingham risk for CVD or have preexisting CVD prior to study entry/ No active Nutrition, Exercise, Stress Management Counseling
Well-established disparities exist in the prevalence and outcome of cardiovascular disease related to race and socioeconomic status (SES). Our previous work confirms these disparities and suggests that they may be related to population differences in the prevalence of nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors. We propose that these disparities can be significantly reduced or eliminated by (1) a community-based intervention program that incorporates a multidisciplinary education program led by a behavioral interventionalist, a nutritionist and an exercise physiologist, and (2) a novel approach to cardiovascular risk stratification that considers population differences in traditional and nontraditional risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis.
To successfully implement this program, particularly in traditionally underserved communities, we have formalized a partnership between the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Graduate School of Public Health, the Pittsburgh Mind-Body Center, and the Pittsburgh Theological Seminary, Urban League of Pittsburgh, and Jewish Healthcare Foundation. This partnership is positioned to study the following specific aims:
- To determine whether a community-based intervention program that incorporates a multidisciplinary education program led by a behavioral interventionalist, a nutritionist, and an exercise physiologist can reduce racial and socioeconomic disparities in cardiovascular risk in intermediate and high risk populations.
- To ascertain whether a comprehensive assessment of nontraditional risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis can provide incremental value above and beyond traditional risk assessment in identifying individuals at high cardiovascular risk.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00143923
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|University of Pittsburgh|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213|
|Principal Investigator:||Steven E Reis, MD||University of Pittsburgh|