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Study of Low-Intensity Conditioning for Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00143845
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 2, 2005
Results First Posted : June 20, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 8, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a reduced intensity conditioning regimen for stem cell transplant with donor cells will allow the donor cells to be effective without causing health problems.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Lymphocytic Leukemia, Chronic Lymphoma, Low-Grade Procedure: Reduced intensity conditioning Procedure: Rapid immunosuppressive taper Procedure: Prophylactic donor leukocyte infusions Phase 2

Detailed Description:

In this research study patients will receive dosages of chemotherapy that are lower than the usual dosages. The study will determine whether a shorter duration of immunosuppression will permit the donor cells to be effective against the cancer without causing more severe GVHD (Graft Versus Host Disease). Also to be determined is whether the patient's cancer can be prevented from relapsing after blood stem cell transplant by using prophylactic treatment, giving a donor leukocyte infusion BEFORE a relapse happens.

In this research study samples of blood and bone marrow will be analyzed. These samples will be examined to study the cellular production of inflammatory cytokine levels in attempt to be able to predict which patients will have complications like GVHD or relapse.


Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 54 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Adjuvant Cellular Immunotherapy for High-Risk Hematologic Malignancy After Reduced Intensity Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation
Study Start Date : April 2003
Primary Completion Date : November 2010
Study Completion Date : February 2013


Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Immunosuppression Taper
Reduced intensity conditioning consisting of Busulfan and Fludarabine(fludarabine 150 mg/m2 IV, busulfan 6 mg/kg IV, total lymphoid irradiation 2 Gy), followed by a rapid immunosuppressive taper of Tacrolimus (0.06 mg/kg q12h, PO, Days -7 to +28), Methotrexate (5 mg/m2, IV, Days +1, +3, +6, +11) and Mycophenolate Mofetil (10 mg/kg every 8 hours, PO, Days -6 to +7).
Procedure: Reduced intensity conditioning
Busulfan and Fludarabine regimen
Procedure: Rapid immunosuppressive taper
Taper of Tacrolimus, Methotrexate and Mycophenolate Mofetil
Procedure: Prophylactic donor leukocyte infusions
If the patient has GVHD overall grade 0-1 or skin grade 1 on day +100, then 5 x 107 CD3+ cells/kg recipient weight are given.


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Acute Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD) Grades 2-4 [ Time Frame: 100 days ]

    The primary objective of this study was to establish the rate of acute GVHD following prophylactic cellular immunotherapy after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell therapy using low intensity conditioning for high-risk hematological malignancies. Glucksberg staging was used for organ grading of GVHD. Clinical GVHD was assessed as follows:

    Grade 0: No stage 1-4 of any organ Grade 1: Stage 1-2 rash and no liver or gut involvement Grade 2: Stage 3 rash, or Stage 1 liver involvement, or Stage 1 GI Grade 3: Stage 0-3 skin with Stage 2-3 liver, or Stage 2-4 GI Grade 4: Stage 4 skin rash, or Stage 4 liver involvement


  2. Percentage of Participants With Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: two years ]

    The second primary objective was to determine the percentage of participants with progression free survival following prophylactic cellular immunotherapy after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell therapy using low intensity conditioning for high-risk hematological malignancies.

    We define disease progression as disease recurrence within 180 days of transplant.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Patients Alive at 2 Years [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    To estimate the overall survival of patients progression following prophylactic cellular immunotherapy after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell therapy using low intensity conditioning for high-risk hematological malignancies.


Eligibility Criteria

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Patient Inclusion Criteria:

To be eligible a patient MUST meet at least one of the next 4 criteria

  • Any patient aged 55 years or older with a hematological malignancy for which allogeneic transplant is considered an appropriate treatment, AND/OR
  • Any patient, regardless of age, with a hematologic malignancy for which allogeneic transplant is considered an appropriate treatment and the patient is not eligible for a conventional myeloablative transplant because of organ dysfunction AND/OR
  • Any patient, regardless of age, who has relapsed following prior autologous or allogeneic transplant for a hematologic malignancy AND/OR
  • Any patient, regardless of age, with one of the following hematological malignancies:

    1. Multiple myeloma

      1. refractory to or failure following conventional chemotherapy such as VAD (Vincristine, Adriamycin and Dexamethasone), pulse decadron, or alkylating agents, or
      2. chromosomal abnormality associated with poor prognosis by cytogenetics or FISH probe.
    2. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients, Rai stage 3 or 4 and relapsed following/refractory to alkylating agents or nucleoside analog therapy
    3. Low grade lymphoma (small lymphocytic, follicular small cleaved cell, or follicular mixed small cleaved and large cell) that is either relapsed or refractory provided the disease is NOT rapidly progressive, NOT bulky, and no mass exceeds 5 cm in greatest dimension.

To be eligible a patient MUST meet all of the following criteria

  • In addition to the above criteria ALL patients must meet the following minimum organ function:

    1. Cardiac: Ejection fraction at least 30%.
    2. Renal: Adequate renal function as defined by creatinine < 2.0mg OR creatinine clearance >40 mg/min by 24-hour urine collection or GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate. (Gender and age-adjusted creatinine clearance >40ml/min by Gault-Cockroft 55 is acceptable for adults: (140 - age) x weight/72 x Scr [x 0.85 if female]).
    3. Pulmonary: FEV1 and FVC >60%.
    4. Hepatic: Total bilirubin <2.0 and AST (Aspartate Aminotransferase)/ALT (Alanine Transaminase) < 3X institutional normal for age.
    5. Performance (adults): Karnofsky score must be at least 60; for pts. under 16, Lansky score must be at least 60.
  • Availability of a 5/6 or 6/6 HLA A, B, and DR identical relative who is willing and able to donate allogeneic stem cells. Serological, low resolution or mid resolution molecular typing will determine the degree of match for HLA (Human Leukocyte Antigen) class I regardless of high resolution DNA typing results. High resolution typing will be used to determine the degree of match for HLA-DR.
  • No untreated or uncontrolled invasive infections. Patients still under therapy for presumed or proven infection are eligible provided there is clear evidence (radiologic and/or culture) that the infection is well controlled. Patients under treatment for infection will be enrolled only after clearance from the Principal Investigator.
  • Not pregnant

Patient Exclusion Criteria:

  • acute leukemia
  • HIV positive patients not eligible
  • Any physical or psychological condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would pose unacceptable risk to the patient
  • Pregnant

Donor Inclusion Criteria:

  • 5/6 or 6/6 HLA match for HLA-A, B, and DR
  • Age 3-70 years, good general health
  • No contraindication to G-CSF (Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor)stimulation
  • No contraindication to leukapheresis of peripheral blood stem cells
  • Good general health

Donor Exclusion Criteria:

  • HIV positive or history of HIV risk factors
  • Presence of other diseases transmissible by blood that pose unacceptable risk to the study subject.
  • Pregnant
  • Medical or psychological conditions that would make the donor unlikely to tolerate G-CSF - injections or leukapheresis
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00143845


Locations
United States, Michigan
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Michigan Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: John E. Levine, MD, MS The Univeristy of Michigan
More Information

Responsible Party: University of Michigan Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00143845     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UMCC 2-61
First Posted: September 2, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 20, 2014
Last Update Posted: March 8, 2017
Last Verified: January 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia
Lymphatic Diseases
Leukemia, B-Cell
Lymphoma
Mycophenolic Acid
Immunosuppressive Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors