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Efficacy & Safety of Resatorvid in Adults With Severe Sepsis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00143611
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 2, 2005
Last Update Posted : February 2, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine the optimal dose of Resatorvid for reducing 28-day all-cause mortality in subjects with severe sepsis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sepsis Drug: Resatorvid Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Severe sepsis, defined as sepsis associated with acute organ dysfunction, remains a serious medical problem worldwide. In the United States alone, approximately 750,000 cases of severe sepsis occur each year, with the mortality rate ranging between 30% and 50% for severe sepsis patients with concomitant organ dysfunction. As the population ages, these numbers are expected to increase. The pathophysiology of severe sepsis is thought to involve the activation of a variety of inflammatory and procoagulant host responses to infection, which if unchecked, can lead to diffuse endovascular injury, multi-organ dysfunction, and ultimately death.

The host response to infection with microorganism and microorganism-derived molecules is characterized by the synthesis and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukins 1, 6 and 8 (IL-1, IL-6, and IL-8), by inflammatory cells, and by other markers of inflammation such as C-reactive protein. Inflammatory cells, such as macrophages, release these cytokines by signals transmitted from the surface of these cells after binding of pathogen-associated molecules to cell surface pattern recognition receptors known as toll-like receptors.

TAK-242 (resatorvid) is a small molecule suppressor of pathogen-induced release of inflammatory cytokines and acts by inhibiting TLR-4 mediated signaling. Because of its inhibitory effect on suppressing cytokine levels, resatorvid is being developed as a treatment for severe sepsis.

The study was ended after the DSMB determined there was insufficient cytokine suppression in the 150-subject analysis within Stage 1 of the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 277 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pivotal, Multicenter, Multinational, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study To Evaluate The Efficacy And Safety of TAK-242 in Adults With Severe Sepsis
Study Start Date : September 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Sepsis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Resatorvid 1.2 mg/kg/day Drug: Resatorvid
Resatorvid 1.2 mg/kg, injection, subcutaneously for thirty minutes; then resatorvid 0.05 mg/kg/h (1.2 mg/kg/day), injection, subcutaneously over 96 hours.
Other Name: TAK-242

Experimental: Resatorvid 2.4 mg/kg/day Drug: Resatorvid
Resatorvid 1.2 mg/kg, injection, subcutaneously for thirty minutes; then resatorvid 0.1 mg/kg/h (2.4 mg/kg/day), injection, subcutaneously over 96 hours.
Other Name: TAK-242

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
Resatorvid placebo-matching injection, subcutaneously for thirty minutes; then resatorvid placebo-matching injection, subcutaneously over 96 hours.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 28-day All-cause Mortality. [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline in Organ Failure Assessment [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
  2. Mean Systemic Inflammatory Response [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
  3. Mean Vasopressor-free days [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
  4. Mean Ventilator-free days [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
  5. Mean Intensive Care Unit free days [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
  6. Mean Discharge Status. [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Has clinical evidence of infection defined as the presence of a known or probable source of infection requiring the initiation of parenteral antimicrobial therapy.
  • Must meet at least 3 of the following 4 criteria for SIRS:

    • A core temperature greater than 38°C or less than 36°C.
    • A heart rate greater than 90 beats per minute.
    • A respiratory rate greater than 20 breaths/min or partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood less than 32 mm Hg or mechanical ventilation for an acute process.
    • A total white blood cell absolute count greater than 12,000 cells/mm3 or less than 4,000 cells/mm3, or a white blood cell differential count that showed greater than 10% immature (band) forms.
  • Must have sepsis with shock and/or respiratory failure.

Exclusion Criteria

  • If female, the subject is pregnant, nursing and the milk is intended to be ingested by the infant, or the participant plans to become pregnant, or nurse and the milk is intended to be ingested by the infant.
  • Is receiving immunosuppressive therapy such as cyclosporine, azathioprine, or cancer-related chemotherapy.
  • Has a granulocyte count of less than 1000/mm3 except if the decreased count was believed to be due to sepsis.
  • Has documented or suspected acute myocardial infarction within the last 6 weeks prior to Pretreatment Period.
  • Has a documented history of moderate to severe chronic heart failure as defined by New York Heart Association Functional Classification III or IV.
  • Is known to be positive for human immunodeficiency virus with known CD4 count less than or equal to 50/mm3 or had known end-stage processes.
  • Has a known history of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency.
  • Has a methemoglobin level greater than 5% at Pretreatment Period or had a known history of methemoglobinemia.
  • Is moribund and death was considered imminent.
  • Is classified as "Do Not Resuscitate", or "Do Not Treat", or the participant's family has not committed to aggressive management of the participant's condition.
  • Is not expected to survive for 28 days and was not likely be given life support due to a pre-existing, uncorrectable medical condition.
  • Has a known esophageal varices, chronic jaundice, cirrhosis, or chronic ascites.
  • Is in a chronic vegetative state or has a similar long-term neurological condition.
  • Has known portal hypertension or Child-Pugh hepatic impairment class C.
  • Has acute third degree burns involving more than 30% of body surface within 120 hours prior to Pretreatment Period.
  • Has known hypersensitivity to sulfonamides.
  • Has known hypersensitivity to components of resatorvid.
  • Has participated in any other investigational study (drug or device) and/or taken any investigational drug within 30 days or 5 half-lives of the drug.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00143611

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Sponsors and Collaborators
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Study Director: VP Clinical Science Takeda
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Takeda Identifier: NCT00143611    
Other Study ID Numbers: 01-04-TL-242-011
2005-003561-16 ( EudraCT Number )
U1111-1127-5919 ( Registry Identifier: WHO )
DOH-27-0406-1213 ( Registry Identifier: SANCTR )
First Posted: September 2, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 2, 2012
Last Verified: January 2012
Keywords provided by Takeda:
Shock, Septic
Sepsis Syndrome
Respiratory Insufficiency
SIRS (Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome)
Respiratory Failure
Drug Therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Pathologic Processes