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Efficacy of Sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine and Artemisinin-containing Combination Therapy for Malaria

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00140361
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 1, 2005
Last Update Posted : September 11, 2012
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Brief Summary:

This is an ongoing monitoring activity of efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), which is the current national treatment of choice for uncomplicated malaria in Tanzania, and a combination of SP and artesunate among children < 5 years in 3 sites in rural Tanzania.

Protocol was amended in 2004 to (1) include lumefantrine+artemether, the newly identified first-line treatment for malaria to be introduced into Tanzania in 2006; (2) on a limited basis, include adult patients; (3) extend follow-up to 28 days; (4) investigate whether treated bednets would reduce confounding by reinfection


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malaria (Uncomplicated) Drug: Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine Drug: sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine plus artesunate Drug: lumefantrine plus artemether Behavioral: Sleeping under insecticide-treated bednet Phase 4

Detailed Description:

This is an ongoing monitoring activity of efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), which is the current national treatment of choice for uncomplicated malaria in Tanzania, and a combination of SP and artesunate among children < 5 years in 3 sites in rural Tanzania.

Protocol was amended in 2004 to (1) include lumefantrine+artemether, the newly identified first-line treatment for malaria to be introduced into Tanzania in 2006; (2) on a limited basis, include adult patients; (3) extend follow-up to 28 days; (4) investigate whether treated bednets would reduce confounding by reinfection


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 390 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Assessing and Monitoring the Efficacy of Sulfadoxine/ Pyrimethamine (SP) and the Combination of SP Plus Artesunate for Uncomplicated Malaria Infections Among Children
Study Start Date : January 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Malaria
U.S. FDA Resources




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical and parasitologic failure rate


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Children < 5 years of age (in one site, patients of all ages are eligible).

Documented fever (axillary temperature >= 37.5oC) in the absence of another obvious cause of fever or other serious or chronic medical condition

Unmixed infection with P. falciparum of between 2,000 and 250,000 asexual parasites/mm3

Patients' or the patients' parent's or guardian's informed consent and willingness to participate in the study

Exclusion Criteria:

Any evidence of severe malaria that would require hospitalization for treatment.

Reported allergy to any antimalarial drugs, including sulfa and artemisinin drugs.

History of pregnancy or delayed menstrual period

Breastfeeding a child less than 8 weeks of age


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00140361


Locations
Tanzania
Ngere Ngere Health Center
Ngere Ngere, Morogoro Rural, Tanzania
Ikwiriri Health Center
Ikwiriri, Rufiji, Tanzania
Lupiro Health Center
Lupiro, Ulanga, Tanzania
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Peter B Bloland, DVM, MPVM Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Study Director: Salim Abdulla, MD, PhD Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre
Study Director: John R MacArthur, MD, MPH Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00140361     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDC-NCID-2577
UR3/CCU018969-01
First Posted: September 1, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 11, 2012
Last Verified: September 2012

Keywords provided by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
malaria
sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine
sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine plus artsunate
lumefantrine plus artemether
combination therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Malaria
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Artesunate
Lumefantrine
Artemether
Pyrimethamine
Sulfadoxine
Fanasil, pyrimethamine drug combination
Amebicides
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antimalarials
Antifungal Agents
Coccidiostats
Schistosomicides
Antiplatyhelmintic Agents
Anthelmintics
Folic Acid Antagonists
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary
Renal Agents