Combination Chemotherapy for Locally Advanced Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck
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The purpose of this study is to further test a combination chemotherapy regimen for the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck and to see if the addition of supportive medicine can help reduce the side effects of these drugs.
Patients will be admitted to hospital and receive a one hour infusion of taxotere. Approximately 2 hours after taxotere is finished they will receive cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil, and leucovorin continuously over a 4 day period.
Approximately 6-12 hours after the chemotherapy ends patients will be given growth factor support and ciprofloxacin until the patient's ANC level is greater than 10,000.
Infusion of chemotherapy will be repeated every 28 days (1 cycle is 28 days).
During each cycle patients will have blood tests performed weekly and may be asked to return to the Head and Neck Clinic for examination around the middle of each cycle.
At the end of each cycle the impact of the chemotherapy will be assessed. If after 2 cycles, the cancer has not responded sufficiently the patient will not receive any more chemotherapy. However, if significant reduction in the size of the patients tumor is observed, a third and final cycle will be performed.
During the fourth or fifth week of cycle 3, patients will undergo re-staging evaluation under anesthesia with primary-site biopsies and planning of radiotherapy.
Within 2 weeks of completion of chemotherapy cycle 3 all patients will receive twice daily radiotherapy.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Histologic confirmation of squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck.
All patients with previously untreated Stage III or IV.
Complete recovery from previous diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
Life expectancy greater than 3 months
Creatinine less than or equal to 1.5
SGOT less than 1.5 x ULN
Alkaline phosphatase less than 2.5 x ULN
WBC greater than or equal to 4,000/mm
Platelet count greater than to equal to 100,000/mm
Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 10gm/dl
Patients of childbearing age must use effective contraception methods.
Patients with previous head and neck cancer except those treated with surgery only.
Patients with concurrent malignancy of any site, except limited basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix.