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EARLY IFNb-1a and Atorvastatin Combination Therapy of Isolated Clinical Syndrome Suggestive of Multiple Sclerosis

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Identifier:
First received: August 26, 2005
Last updated: June 22, 2009
Last verified: June 2009
The primary purpose is to determine the changes in gene expression induced by IFNb-1a (Rebif) and atorvastatin (Lipitor) combination therapy in patients with an isolated clinical syndrome suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS), to identify markers of therapeutic response, and to predict patients' clinical response based on their in vitro response to this combination therapy measured by the gene expression levels in activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs).

Condition Intervention
Multiple Sclerosis
Drug: Rebif

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Investigator)
Official Title: EARLY IFNb-1a (Rebif) and Atorvastatin (Lipitor) Combination Therapy of Isolated Clinical Syndrome Suggestive of Multiple Sclerosis

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the effects of IFNb-1a plus atorvastatin versus IFNb-1a plus placebo on the gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) derived from patients with isolated clinical syndrome suggestive of MS [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • To identify markers of therapeutic response and to predict patients' clinical response based on their in vitro response to this combination therapy measured by the gene expression levels in activated PBMCs [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • evaluate safety and efficacy of combination therapy with Rebif and Lipitor in patients with clinicayy isolated syndrome suggestive of MS. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: October 2004
Study Completion Date: October 2008
Primary Completion Date: October 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Rebif + Lipitor Drug: Rebif
Rebif 44mcg TIW

Detailed Description:
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurologic disease, characterized pathologically by focal areas of inflammation, demyelination, axonal injury and degeneration in the central nervous system. MS follows several different disease courses. Approximately, 90% of patients have a relapsing form of the disease. We propose that atorvastatin (Lipitor) may enhance the immunomodulatory effects of INFb-1a (Rebif) in patients with clinically isolated neurological syndrome suggestive of MS. This combination may be more effective in preventing development of definitive relapsing-remitting MS if administered early in the course of the disease. The study will identify markers of disease activity that are selectively affected by this combination therapy. Identified markers may be used in future clinical trials to predict patient's clinical response and to monitor the response to treatment as a secondary outcome measure.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with isolated clinical syndrome suggestive of MS
  • At least three out of four magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings on the initial scan:

    • One Gd-enhancing lesion or nine T2 hyperintense lesions;
    • At least one infratentorial lesion;
    • At least one juxtacortical lesion; and
    • At least three periventricular lesions.
  • Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) 0-5.5
  • 18 to 60 years of age
  • At least one relapse in previous 12 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a diagnosis of clinically definitive relapsing-remitting (RR) MS, secondary progressive, or primary progressive MS.
  • Patients who have ever been treated with mitoxantrone, cytoxan, cyclophosphamide, or total lymphoid irradiation (TLI).
  • Patients treated with IFNb-1a, IFNb-1b, glatiramer acetate, intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg), plasma exchange, methotrexate, or azathioprine in the previous 3 months.
  • Patients treated with intravenous or oral steroids within 30 days prior to baseline MRI.
  • Patients who have been treated with statins in the previous 3 months.
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding women.
  • Patients with a history of severe cardiac, hepatic, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, or renal disease.
  • Abnormal baseline blood tests including alanine transaminase (ALT) or aspartate transaminase (AST) greater than twice the upper limit of normal
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00137176

United States, North Carolina
University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill MS Clinic Within the Neuroscience Hospital
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Principal Investigator: Silva Markovic-Plese University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  More Information

Responsible Party: Silva Markovic-Plese, UNC Chapel Hill Identifier: NCT00137176     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 04-NEUR-293
Study First Received: August 26, 2005
Last Updated: June 22, 2009

Keywords provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:
Clinically Isolated Syndrome

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Atorvastatin Calcium
Interferon beta-1a
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Regulating Agents
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents processed this record on May 25, 2017