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Study of Vaccination With Autologous Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Cells in Patients With Advanced Myelodysplasia or Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Information provided by:
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Identifier:
First received: August 25, 2005
Last updated: March 9, 2011
Last verified: March 2011
The purpose of this study is to test the safety of a new investigational acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) vaccine and see what effects (good and bad) it has on patients with advanced myelodysplasia or acute myelogenous leukemia.

Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
Biological: autologous tumor cells
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Vaccination With Lethally Irradiated, Autologous Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Cells Engineered by Adenoviral Mediated Gene Transfer to Secrete Human Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor in Patients With Advanced Myelodysplasia or Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the feasibility of preparing lethally irradiated autologous myeloblastic leukemia cells engineered by adenoviral mediated gene transfer to secrete GM-CSF in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or AML

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the safety and biologic activity of vaccination with lethally irradiated, autologous myeloblastic leukemia cells engineered by adenoviral mediated gene transfer to secrete GM-CSF in patients with MDS or AML

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: January 2000
Study Completion Date: March 2006
Primary Completion Date: March 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

This study will make use of leukemic myeloblasts harvested by bone marrow aspirate in patients with myelodysplasia and acute myelogenous leukemia. These harvested tumor cells will be modified by adenoviral mediated gene transfer to secrete granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF).

Patients will be administered vaccines at one of three dose levels (as determined by total cell yield). Vaccinations will be given weekly for three weeks, followed by every other week until the vaccine supply is exhausted or when patients are removed from the study.

The patient will receive a minimum of six vaccinations, but more will be administered if the vaccine is available.

During the course of the study, patients will be tested to see how their immune system is reacting to the vaccinations. Testing will include bloodwork evaluating the immune cells in the body at monthly intervals. Skin biopsies may also be performed to see if an immune reaction is occuring at the injection site.

During the first course of treatment, a bone marrow biopsy and aspirate may be performed monthly.

The length of time on this study depends upon the number of vaccines available and whether or not unacceptable side effects occur.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have pathologically documented myelodysplasia or acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • The patients with myelodysplasia must also have: French-American-British (FAB) subtype refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) or refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation (RAEB-T), or normal or hypercellular bone marrow.
  • The patients with acute myelogenous leukemia must also: not be candidates for myelosuppressive chemotherapy due to age or comorbid disease, or have relapsed acute myelogenous leukemia or be refractory to standard therapy and not likely to require cytoreductive therapy within 60 days
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1.
  • Estimated life expectancy of 6 months or greater.
  • Age at least 18 years.
  • Greater than 4 weeks from any chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, or systemic glucocorticoid therapy (non-glucocorticoid hormonal therapy allowed).
  • Greater than 2 months following bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation or treatment with donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled active infection.
  • Pregnancy or nursing mothers.
  • Previous participation in an adenovirus based trial.
  • The patients with myelodysplasia who have either: FAB subtype refractory anemia (RA), refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts (RARS), chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), or the presence of hypocellular bone marrow.
  • Chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, or systemic steroid therapy within the last 4 weeks.
  • Active central nervous system (CNS) disease.
  • Evidence of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus.
  • Active psychiatric or mental illness making informed consent or careful clinical follow-up unlikely.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00136422

United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Principal Investigator: Daniel J. DeAngelo, MD, PhD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  More Information Identifier: NCT00136422     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 99-249
Study First Received: August 25, 2005
Last Updated: March 9, 2011

Keywords provided by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
acute myelogenous leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions processed this record on May 24, 2017