Overcoming Nutritional Barriers in Hemodialysis Patients
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00136253|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 29, 2005
Last Update Posted : December 13, 2005
American hemodialysis patients are frequently malnourished. This contributes to dialysis patient mortality rates that are the highest in the industrialized world at 22% per year. Poor nutritional status probably also contributes to high health care costs (an average of two hospitalizations annually per patient and total Medicare expenditures of $11 billion per year) and diminished quality of life. The researchers' prior work identified several potentially modifiable nutritional barriers (e.g. poor appetite, inadequate dialysis dose, poor nutritional knowledge, low fluid intake, and needing help shopping and cooking) and pilot tested a promising approach to overcome these barriers.
This proposed community-based randomized controlled trial extends the researchers' prior work by targeting specific nutritional barriers with a tailored feedback and education intervention. Approximately 40 dialysis facilities in northeast Ohio will be randomly assigned to intervention and control groups, with approximately 100 malnourished patients enrolled from 20 intervention facilities and 100 from 20 control facilities. Baseline evaluation will include measures of nutritional status, specific barriers, inpatient expenditures, and quality of life. On a monthly basis for 12 months, intervention patients and their dietitians will receive tailored feedback and education on overcoming patient-specific barriers. They will then meet monthly to jointly formulate a care plan addressing these barriers. Control patients will continue to get usual care. Major analyses will compare changes in nutritional parameters in intervention vs. control patients with adjustment for nesting of patients within facilities.
The proposed project will test a novel intervention that targets patients and providers as they together make nutrition-related decisions. Overcoming specific barriers may lead not only to improved nutritional status but also to better patient survival, decreased health care costs, and increased quality of life.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|End Stage Renal Disease||Behavioral: Help dietitians and patients address specific nutritional barriers|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Study Start Date :||February 2002|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 2004|
- Change in albumin
- Change in albumin of 0.20 or greater and survival
- Change in subjective global assessment, weight, dietary intake, specific nutritional barriers
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00136253
|Principal Investigator:||Ashwini Sehgal, MD||MetroHealth Medical Center|