A Trial of Taurine Supplementation in Parenteral Nutrition 1
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00135044
Verified September 2007 by London North West Healthcare NHS Trust. Recruitment status was: Recruiting
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the inclusion of 1g of intravenous taurine as part of the nitrogen source of parenteral nutrition reduces parenteral nutrition associated cholestatic liver disease, a common side effect of parenteral nutrition.
Condition or disease
Procedure: intravenous taurine in nutritional supplement
Parenteral nutrition associated cholestasis (PNAC) is one of the main causes of death during long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN). In one study 65% of patients on NPN developed PNAC after a median of 6 months and 41.5% developed HPN associated liver disease after a median of 17 months. It is thought that this condition develops due to changes in bile acid conjugation. Bile acids are conjugated with either taurine or glycine before their secretion in bile. Man obtains taurine mostly from the diet and hepatic taurine conjugation of bile acids accounts for 30-40% of the total bile acid pool. Taurine-conjugated bile acids are more water soluble and less toxic than glycine-conjugated bile acids. The ratio of glycine to taurine conjugated bile acids appears to be important and studies in rats have found that the bile acid sulfolithocholate, which is conjugated with glycine, was cholestatic while the taurine conjugated was not. Further studies in guinea pigs have shown that dietary taurine supplements prevent the cholestasis induced by sulfolithocholate by increasing the percentage of taurine conjugated bile acids. Patients on intravenous nutrition with intestinal failure may not re-absorb bile acids normally and may have increased losses of taurine conjugated of bile acids. They have also been found to have low levels of taurine. It is thought that chronic taurine deficiency, by altering the pattern of conjugation of bile acids, may predispose to cholestasis and ultimately severe hepatic dysfunction. In a study of hepatobiliary surgical patients given dietary taurine post operatively, there was enhanced conjugation and secretion of bile acids. Bilirubin levels fell during taurine supplementation compared to patients not receiving taurine although this was not significant. We are going to investigate if parenteral taurine supplementation is beneficial in our patients experiencing this condition.
A Randomised Double Blind Controlled Crossover Trial of Intravenous Taurine Supplementation in Parenteral Nutrition as an Effective Treatment for Reducing Hepatobiliary Complications in Chronic Intestinal Failure
Study Start Date
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 65 Years (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Chronic intestinal failure (CIF) patients on long term home parenteral nutrition, under the care of the Nutrition and Intestinal Failure Clinic at St Mark's, who have PNAC.
Must be over 18
On HPN for 6 months and stable
Life expectancy of over 12 months
HPN should provide > 75-80% of estimated nutritional requirements
Should be on HPN for 5 or more days per week
Hepatitic failure, ultrasound proven fibrosis or cirrhosis, poorly controlled diabetes, hepatitis B or C, autoimmune liver disease, receiving > 40 kcal/kg/day from HPN, current sepsis, co-existing surgical complications such as intestinal obstruction, hepatotoxic drugs, primary liver cancer or metastases or any other cause for pre and post hepatic jaundice.