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Assessing Abuse Potential of Parenteral Buprenorphine/Naloxone in Non-Dependent Opioid Abusers

This study has been terminated.
Information provided by:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Identifier:
First received: August 23, 2005
Last updated: January 11, 2017
Last verified: October 2008
Buprenorphine, a treatment for opioid dependence, can be mixed with another drug, naloxone, to limit abuse potential. Parenteral administration (intravenous or intramuscular injection) of buprenorphine/naloxone causes withdrawal symptoms in opioid dependent individuals. However, naloxone does not cause withdrawal symptoms in non-dependent opioid abusers. This study will investigate whether naloxone decreases the opioid agonist effect from injected buprenorphine, hence decreasing the abuse potential of buprenorphine/naloxone, in non-dependent opioid abusers.

Condition Intervention
Opioid-Related Disorders Drug: Buprenorphine/naloxone

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Abuse Potential of Parenteral Buprenorphine/Naloxone in Non-Dependent Opioid Abusers

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Opioid agonist effects [ Time Frame: 3.5 hours ]
  • Physiologic measures [ Time Frame: 3.5 hours ]

Enrollment: 9
Study Start Date: December 2000
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2017
Primary Completion Date: December 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Buprenorphine/naloxone
    Acute doses of buprenorphine/naloxone in each experimental test session. Doses delivered by either sublingual or parenteral routes, and are: 4/1, 8/2, 16/4 mg.
Detailed Description:

Naloxone has been combined with buprenorphine to decrease the parenteral abuse potential of buprenorphine in opioid dependent individuals through the mechanism of naloxone-precipitated withdrawal. While naloxone will not precipitate withdrawal in individuals who are not physically dependent on opioids, it is possible naloxone might attenuate buprenorphine's agonist effects, especially if administered parenterally. The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of sublingual (SL) and intramuscular (IM) buprenorphine and buprenorphine/naloxone in non-dependent opioid abusers.

Participants will stay on a research ward and will undergo challenge sessions twice per week. The following conditions will be tested: placebo; IM hydromorphone (2 and 4 mg; an opioid agonist positive control condition); SL buprenorphine (4, 8, and 16 mg); IM buprenorphine (4, 8, and 16 mg); SL buprenorphine/naloxone(4/1, 8/2, and 16/4 mg); and IM buprenorphine/naloxone (4/1, 8/2, and 16/4 mg). During challenge sessions, physiological status will be recorded continuously and tasks assessing psychomotor, subjective, and objective status will be performed repeatedly.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Non-dependent opioid abuser
  • Actively abusing opioids by injection

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Opioid dependence
  • Signs or symptoms of opioid withdrawal, once admitted to residential unit
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00134875

United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University (BPRU) Bayview Campus
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21224 6823
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Principal Investigator: Eric C. Strain, M.D. Johns Hopkins University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Eric C. Strain/Principal Investigator, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Identifier: NCT00134875     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NIDA-08045-3
Study First Received: August 23, 2005
Last Updated: January 11, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):
opioid dependence

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Opioid-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Analgesics, Opioid
Buprenorphine, Naloxone Drug Combination
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Narcotic Antagonists processed this record on August 18, 2017