Pentoxifylline in Children With Malaria

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00133393
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : August 23, 2005
Last Update Posted : August 27, 2010
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
The primary objectives of this study is to identify a safe, tolerable dose of pentoxifylline in children with cerebral malaria and to establish an acceptable pentoxifylline dosage regimen for use in multi center Phase II and Phase III studies.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria Drug: Pentoxifylline Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is an open, prospective, dose-escalating study, designed to elucidate the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, safety, and tolerability of pentoxifylline in children of the ages greater than/equal to 9 months and less than/equal to 96 months with cerebral malaria. The study is designed to evaluate pentoxifylline as adjunct therapy in severe pediatric malaria by evaluating its toxicity and associated adverse events, and by establishing both an acceptable dose and the associated pharmacokinetic profile. The pharmacodynamic effects of four different dose levels (10, 20, 30, and 40 mg/kg/24 hours) will be accessed on the following biological, immunological, and parasitological parameters: cerebral blood flow velocity, tumor necrosis factor concentration, rosetting, coma resolution time, parasite clearance time, and fever clearance time. Due to the variability observed in the biological, immunological, and parasitological parameters under scrutiny, a control group of ten patients will be intercalated in the study (4 patients prior to enrollment of the first pentoxifylline recipient, 2 patients in-between each of the 3 dose escalations). As there is no information about the relationship of treatment duration to biological, immunological, and parasitological effects, treatment will continue for 72 hours, by which time peripheral parasitemia will have cleared in the majority of patients. The selection of the pentoxifylline dosage regimen for the larger, multi center Phase II and Phase III studies will be made on the basis of the maximum tolerated dose (based on clinical and laboratory observations) which minimizes the dose-related side-effects and adverse events (based on pharmacokinetics) while permitting maximum biological, immunological, and/or parasitological effects (pharmacodynamics).

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Dose Finding Study of Pentoxifylline in Children With Cerebral Malaria
Study Start Date : January 2002
Study Completion Date : July 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Malaria
U.S. FDA Resources

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   9 Months to 96 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Children meeting all of the following criteria are eligible for inclusion in the study.

Age greater than or equal to 9 months and less than or equal to 96 months. Informed consent granted by parents/guardians (Appendix I).

Has cerebral malaria defined as all of the following:

peripheral parasitemia with asexual forms of P. falciparum; inability to localize a painful stimulus 30 minutes after correcting hypoglycemia (blood glucose less than 2.2 mmol/l) in patients who present with hypoglycemia 30 minutes after cessation of convulsive activity in patients who are convulsing on admission; no neck stiffness; no clinical evidence of pneumonia (no rales, no decreased breath sounds, no bronchial breathing).

Exclusion Criteria:

Children with the following will not be enrolled in the study:

Hypotension: mean blood pressure less than 60 mmHg (mean blood pressure = diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) + 1/3 (systolic blood pressure

  • diastolic blood pressure)). Thrombocytopenia: platelet count less than 50 x 10(to the ninth power)/l. Spontaneous bleeding noted in mouth, throat, nares, rectum, or a venipuncture site following adequate pressure.

Hematocrit < 20% OR hematocrit between 20-25% with parasitemia greater than 10%.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00133393

KEMRI Centre for Geographic Medicine Research
Kilifi, Kenya
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00133393     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 00-021
First Posted: August 23, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 27, 2010
Last Verified: October 2005

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Malaria, Falciparum
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Radiation-Protective Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Vasodilator Agents
Free Radical Scavengers