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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00130299
: August 15, 2005
Last Update Posted
: August 30, 2010
Boston Children’s Hospital
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
The primary aim of this study is to compare the effects of an experimental low-glycemic load diet with those of a conventional low-fat diet among obese young adults in an 18-month randomized-controlled trial.
The prevalence of obesity has risen dramatically among children in the U.S. since the 1960s. Effective treatment of childhood obesity is widely recognized as instrumental to public health efforts to combat type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Evidence from animal studies, short-term human studies and epidemiology suggests that diets designed to minimize the rise in postprandial blood glucose, that is low glycemic index, may be useful in the treatment of obesity and related complications. This project proposes an month RCT comparing a low glycemic load diet to a conventional low fat diet. Both diet groups will receive identical treatment intensity, behavioral modification and physical activity recommendations. The primary endpoint will be change in percent body fat by dexa-scan at 18 months; other outcomes include insulin resistance and CVD risk factors. Compliance will be assessed by interviewer-administered, 24-hour dietary recalls.
change in adiposity as measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA).
Secondary Outcome Measures
change in insulin resistance as measured by the homeostasis model assessment; change in glucose tolerance as measured by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT); change in cardiovascular disease risk factors
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 35 Years (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Age 18 to 35 years
Body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2
Access to a working telephone
Conversant in English
Written medical clearance from a primary care physician or nurse practitioner, ruling out any pre-existing or complicating medical condition
Body weight >300 lbs
Major medical illness (heart, kidney or liver disease; diabetes; cancer; endocrinopathy; psychiatric illness) or other active medical problem
An obesity-associated genetic syndrome (e.g., Prader-Willi)
An abnormal screening laboratory test (ALT, creatinine, BUN, hematocrit)
Fasting blood glucose ≥ 126 mg/dl)
Taking any prescription medication that affects body weight (glucocorticoids, neuropsychiatric agents), blood pressure, or serum cholesterol concentrations
Currently smoking (1 cigarette during any of the last 7 days)
Previous diagnosis of an eating disorder (anorexia nervosa, bulimia, binge-eating disorder)
If female, not pregnant or planning to become pregnant in the next 18 months and not lactating