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Modafinil Treatment for Cocaine-Dependent Individuals

This study has been completed.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Pennsylvania Identifier:
First received: August 4, 2005
Last updated: October 7, 2015
Last verified: June 2012
Despite years of active research, there are still no approved medications for the treatment of cocaine dependence. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of modafinil in treating cocaine-dependent individuals.

Condition Intervention Phase
Cocaine-Related Disorders
Drug: Modafinil Low Dose
Drug: Modafinil High Dose
Drug: Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Modafinil for Cocaine Dependence

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Pennsylvania:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Urine toxicology for cocaine [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Retention; Modafinil-treated subjects will attend more OP research evaluation visits than placebo-treated subjects. [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
  • Cocaine craving; a significantly greater reduction in CSSA scores [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]

Enrollment: 210
Study Start Date: July 2004
Study Completion Date: April 2008
Primary Completion Date: January 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Low Dose Modafinil
Drug: Modafinil Low Dose
modafinil 200 mg/day
Other Name: Provigil
Experimental: 2
High Dose Modafinil
Drug: Modafinil High Dose
modafinil 400 mg/day
Other Name: Provigil
Placebo Comparator: 3
Drug: Placebo
placebo 400 mg/day

Detailed Description:

Modafinil is a glutamate-enhancing agent that blunts cocaine euphoria under controlled conditions. Due to its stimulant-like properties, modafinil is also likely to relieve severe cocaine withdrawal symptoms. In turn, this may lead to better clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study is to determine whether modafinil improves abstinence during early recovery from cocaine dependence.

This 6-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial will enroll 210 participants with current DSM-IV diagnoses of cocaine dependence. Treatment will occur for 8 weeks. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive a single morning dose of low-dose modafinil (200 mg/day), high-dose modafinil (400 mg/day), or matching placebo tablets. In addition, each week participants will receive manual-guided cognitive behavioral therapy at the Treatment Research Center. At the end of the 8-week treatment period, modafinil or placebo will be abruptly discontinued. One week following, an end of medication evaluation will occur. In addition to this, two follow-up evaluations will take place 3 and 5 months after initial randomization. Efforts will be made to continue evaluation of subjects who decide to discontinue the modafinil treatment. Urine benzoylecgonine levels will be used to measure cocaine abstinence. Craving, withdrawal, retention, and adverse events will also be evaluated.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female, aged 18 - 60 years;
  • Current DSM-IV diagnosis of cocaine dependence
  • Using at least $200 worth of cocaine within the past 30 days and having positive urine toxicology (BE) during screening;
  • Able to provide written informed consent and to comply with all study procedures;
  • Women must be surgically sterile, at least two years postmenopausal, or if of childbearing potential be using a medically accepted method of birth control and agree to continue use of this method for at least 30 days after the last dose of study drug (i.e. barrier method with spermicide, steroidal contraceptive [oral and implanted, including Depo-Provera contraceptives must be used in conjunction with a barrier method], or intrauterine device [IUD])

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Currently dependent on any substance other than cocaine or nicotine
  • Neurological or psychiatric disorders, such as psychosis, bipolar illness, organic brain disease, dementia, or any diseases that require psychotropic medications
  • Serious medical illnesses, including but not limited to; uncontrolled hypertension, significant heart disease (including a history of myocardial infarction, angina, mitral valve prolapse, left ventricular hypertrophy, palpitations, and arrhythmia), hepatic disease, renal disease, or any serious, potentially life-threatening or progressive medical illness that may compromise patient safety or study conduct;
  • Received a drug with known potential for toxicity to a major organ system within the month prior to entering treatment including but not limited to; chemotherapeutic agents for neoplastic disease (i.e. methotrexate, vincristine, vinblastine, fluorouracil), agents used for parasitic infections, isoniazid, chlorambucil, dactinomycin, chloramphenicol, immunosuppressive and cytotoxic agents (i.e. cyclosporine, tacrolimus), indomethacin, protease inhibitors, amphotericin B, cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, interferon, and sulfonamides;
  • Clinically significant abnormal laboratory values
  • Has any disease of the gastrointestinal system, liver, or kidneys which could result in altered metabolism or excretion of the study medication (history of major gastrointestinal tract surgery, gastrectomy, gastrostomy, bowel resection, etc.) or history of chronic gastrointestinal disorders (ulcerative colitis, regional enteritis, or gastrointestinal bleeding);
  • Known hypersensitivity or allergy to modafinil or receiving chronic therapy with any medication that could interact adversely with one of the medications under study, including propranolol, phenytoin, warfarin and diazepam;
  • Currently taking any medication that could interact adversely with one of the medications under study, including propranolol, phenytoin, warfarin and diazepam
  • Took monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI) within 30 days prior to randomization;
  • Taking or has taken an investigational drug within 60 days prior to enrollment
  • If female and of child-bearing capacity, tests positive on a urine pregnancy test, is lactating, has had three or more days of amenorrhea beyond expected menses at the time of the first dose of study medication, is contemplating pregnancy in the next 6 months, or is not using an effective contraceptive method;
  • Received therapy with any opiate-substitute (methadone, LAAM, buprenorphine) within 60 days of study enrollment.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00129285

United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104 6178
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pennsylvania
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Principal Investigator: Charles Dackis University of Pennsylvania
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Pennsylvania Identifier: NCT00129285     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NIDA-15366-1
R01DA015366 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
DPMC ( Other Identifier: NIDA )
Study First Received: August 4, 2005
Last Updated: October 7, 2015

Keywords provided by University of Pennsylvania:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cocaine-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Wakefulness-Promoting Agents
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inducers
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anesthetics, Local
Central Nervous System Depressants
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Vasoconstrictor Agents
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents processed this record on March 30, 2017