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Efficacy of Methylprednisolone for Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome

This study has been completed.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of New Mexico Identifier:
First received: August 5, 2005
Last updated: December 5, 2014
Last verified: December 2014
The purpose of this study is to see if a drug, called methylprednisolone, is safe and effective in people with Hantavirus infection. Individuals 2 years of age or older are invited to participate in this study if their doctor suspects or knows they have Hantavirus infection. Volunteers will either be given methylprednisolone or placebo (contains no medication) through a needle inserted in a vein for 3 days. During the first 7 days of hospitalization procedures may include blood tests, physical exams, chest x-rays, and urine tests. During study visits on days 14, 28, 84 and 180 after diagnosis, the doctors will ask about health, examine the body, take a chest X-ray, collect blood for safety testing and for measuring antibodies, and do breathing tests on volunteers. Participants will be involved in the study for about 6 months.

Condition Intervention Phase
Hantavirus Infections
Drug: Methylprednisolone
Drug: Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Intravenous Methylprednisolone as a Treatment for Presumed Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of New Mexico:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The Proportion of Subjects Who Develop Death, PaO2/FiO2 Ratio Less Than or Equal to 55, Cardiac Index Less Than or Equal to 2.2, Pulseless Electrical Activity, Ventricular Tachycardia or Fibrillation [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
  • Number of Participants With SAEs [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The Number of participants with SAEs

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    number of participants

  • Duration of ICU Stays [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • Duration of Hospital Stay in Days [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

  • Duration of Shock and/or Pressor/Inotropic Support [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Pressor/inotropic support refers to the use of adrenaline-like medications to maintain blood pressure and cardiac output.

  • Number of Participants Intubated and Placed on a Ventilator After Study Entry. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

  • Number of Participants Who Developed Refractory Shock Despite Fluid Resuscitation After Study Entry [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Refractory shock refers to shock that persists despite fluid resucitation. Fluid resusitation refers to administration of intravenous fluids to maintain blood pressure and cardiac output.

  • Length of Time on a Ventilator [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • Development of Serum Creatinine Greater Than or Equal to 3.0 mg/dL After Study Entry [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Enrollment: 66
Study Start Date: January 2003
Study Completion Date: October 2011
Primary Completion Date: December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Active
Drug: Methylprednisolone
Intravenous methylprednisolone 16 mg/kg/day for 3 days as follows: 8 mg/kg (up to 500 mg) given over first hour followed by 8 mg/kg over the next 23 hours; then 16 mg/kg (up to 1000 mg) on days 2 and 3 administered over 24 hours.
Other Name: Medrol
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Drug: Placebo

Detailed Description:
This study is a phase II, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of intravenous methylprednisolone versus placebo in treatment of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS). Patients with suspected or known hantavirus will be randomized to receive intravenous methylprednisolone or placebo over 3 days. Following the completion of this acute phase therapy, patients will be seen for follow up visits on days 14, 28, 84 and 6 months after study entry. Follow up visits will include a physical examination, including vital signs. In addition, blood will be drawn for a blood count, clinical chemistries, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (day 14). Since Hantavirus pathogenesis involves the pulmonary system, other tests to be performed include chest x ray (day 28) and spirometry (days 28 and 180). The study will require 60 subjects with confirmed Hantavirus infection. Study subjects will include males and females greater than or equal to 2 years of age suspected of having Hantavirus disease. The enrolling co investigator must feel that Hantavirus disease is likely on the basis of the clinical syndrome. The primary study objectives are to: assess the efficacy of intravenous methylprednisolone in reducing the severity of HCPS and assess the safety of methylprednisolone in persons with suspected and proven Hantavirus infection. The secondary objectives are to: assess the impact of therapy on viremia and assess whether measurement of neutralizing antibody titers at entry or Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) typing can identify subgroups with increased risk of severe disease and/or death and whether therapy is effective in these subgroups. The primary endpoints will include: the proportion of subjects who develop one or more of the following critical events associated with severe disease 28 days after study entry: death, PaO2/FiO2 ratio less than or equal to 55, cardiac index less than or equal to 2.2, pulseless electrical activity, ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation; and number of serious adverse events determined by study investigators to be at least possibly related to study treatment. For this endpoint researchers will report: the median number of serious adverse events and the proportion that experience one or more serious adverse events. The secondary study endpoints include: to assist in defining the natural history of the disease but will not meaningfully affect treatment: Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO); duration of intensive care unit stays; duration of hospital stays; duration of shock and/or pressor/inotropic support; length of time on mechanical ventilation; intubated and placed on a ventilator; refractory shock despite fluid resuscitation; and serum creatinine greater than or equal to 3.0 milligrams/deciliter.

Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Informed consent is given by patient or guardian.

And one of the following:

  • Confirmed diagnosis: Positive hantavirus IgM assay or detection of hantavirus in plasma or serum by RT-PCR in the presence of an acute febrile illness of less than 12 days duration, and

    1. Onset of hypoxia (oxygen saturation less than or equal to 92% or requiring supplemental oxygen) one or more days after onset of symptoms, and
    2. Development of pulmonary infiltrates on chest X-ray. OR
  • Presumptive diagnosis: The presumptive diagnosis of acute hantavirus disease of less than 12 days duration with:

    1. Febrile illness (subjective or documented) in the judgment of the enrolling investigator; and
    2. Headache or myalgia or at least one digestive symptom (nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain) and
    3. A platelet count less than 150,000 on peripheral smear; and
    4. Onset of hypoxia (oxygen saturation less than or equal to 92% or requiring supplemental oxygen) one or more days after onset of symptoms, and
    5. Development of bilateral pulmonary infiltrates on chest X-ray

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age less than 2 years.
  • If presumptive diagnosis is the inclusion criteria: subjects with a likely diagnosis other than hantavirus infection, including any positive culture or direct test for respiratory viruses (e.g., influenza, RSV, etc) or group A Streptococcus in a person with an illness compatible with streptococcal pharyngitis, a positive culture from a normally sterile site, or a presentation consistent with bacterial pneumonia.
  • Immunocompromised patients at risk of opportunistic infection (e.g., patients with HIV infection, underlying malignancy, or who have received chemotherapy or immunosuppressive drugs within 30 days.)
  • Patients who have or will receive any systemic antiviral medication (other than acyclovir, famciclovir, amantadine or rimantadine), systemic corticosteroids equivalent to approximately 0.5mg/kg prednisone, or any investigational drug within 30 days before enrollment or during treatment.
  • Any period of extreme bradycardia, pulseless electric activity
  • Active GI bleeding, with hematemesis, melena or hematochezia or documented by upper or lower endoscopy or by gastric aspiration.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00128180

Facultad de Medicina Clinica Alemana- Universidad del Desarrollo
Santiago, Chile
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of New Mexico
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Principal Investigator: Pablo Vial, MD Universidad del Desarrollo
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of New Mexico Identifier: NCT00128180     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 01-010
U19 A1045452
Study First Received: August 5, 2005
Results First Received: December 5, 2011
Last Updated: December 5, 2014

Keywords provided by University of New Mexico:
hantaviruses, methylprednisolone, cardiopulmonary syndrome

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
Hantavirus Infections
Bunyaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Insufficiency
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Prednisolone acetate
Methylprednisolone acetate
Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate
Prednisolone hemisuccinate
Prednisolone phosphate
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Neuroprotective Agents
Protective Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents processed this record on April 28, 2017