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Cocaethylene as a Treatment for Cocaine Dependence - 1

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Identifier:
First received: July 22, 2005
Last updated: January 11, 2017
Last verified: August 2005
Cocaine has been cited as the primary drug threat in the United States. The purpose of this study is to determine if cocaethylene, used as a prototype drug, is a safe and effective treatment for cocaine dependence.

Condition Intervention Phase
Cocaine-Related Disorders
Drug: Cocaethylene
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Cocaethylene Substitution Therapy and Tolerance Induction in Treating Cocaine Dependence

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical physiological response to cocaine challenge - especially adverse effects measures

Estimated Enrollment: 8
Study Start Date: December 2002
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2005
Detailed Description:

Currently, there are no medications available to specifically treat cocaine addiction. Cocaethylene is an active metabolite of cocaine and has a similar chemical structure to cocaine. The purpose of this study is to determine whether substitution therapy with cocaethylene is a safe and effective treatment for cocaine dependence.

This double-blind, placebo-controlled trial will occur in 3 parts. In Part 1, the individual pharmacokinetics of an intravenous dose of cocaethylene will be determined in order to estimate individualized cocaethylene infusion rates and pharmacokinetic parameters. This will provide important information on how cocaethylene is processed by the body. In Part 2, an infusion of cocaethylene, producing a venous plasma concentration of 200 ng/ml, will be administered over an 8-hour period. Clinical monitoring and blood sampling will occur in order to determine the safety profile of cocaethylene. During Part 3, the ability of cocaethylene to modify the acute effects of intravenous cocaine will be determined. Cocaethylene will be administered in plasma concentrations of 0 ng/ml, 50 ng/ml, or 200 ng/ml over an 8-hour period. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive a challenge intravenous dose of cocaine (0.5 mg/kg or 1 mg/kg) or placebo at the 4-hour mark of cocaethylene infusion. Following the initial 8-hour period, cocaethylene infusion will be continued for an additional 5 hours. Behavioral and physiological measures will be collected throughout the study sessions at predetermined times to evaluate whether tolerance to cocaethylene develops. These measures will also help to determine whether cocaethylene modifies or produces tolerance to the effects of an acute dose of cocaine.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Meets DSM-IV criteria for cocaine dependence
  • Cocaine use of at least 0.5 grams each week during the three months prior to enrollment, confirmed by a positive urine test for cocaine metabolite
  • Females are eligible if currently using adequate contraception, not planning to become pregnant, or surgically sterilized
  • Females of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to study entry
  • Currently not physiologically dependent on alcohol, but may meet DSM-IV criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Meets DSM-IV criteria for dependence on any drugs (other than nicotine or alcohol) within the year prior to enrollment
  • Currently abuses other substances such as opiates, sedative-hypnotics, or amphetamines (excluding marijuana or nicotine) more than twice a week
  • History of a serious medical illness or indication of a serious medical illness such as seizures, hypertension, heart disease, an abnormal ECG, anemia, diabetes, or abnormal blood flow sounds
  • Meets DSM-IV criteria for a current major mental disorder, including major depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder, schizoaffective disorder, mental retardation, or organic mental syndrome
  • Currently being treated with psychotropic medication
  • At risk for suicide, as determined by a psychiatrist
  • Greater than two times the normal level for liver or kidney function tests
  • Currently seeking treatment for drug abuse
  • Participants with liver function tests equal to or greater than three times the normal level will be discontinued from the study
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00124696

United States, Virginia
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23298
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Principal Investigator: Elinore Mccance-Katz, M.D., Ph.D. Yale Psychiatric Institute
  More Information Identifier: NCT00124696     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NIDA-13586-1
Study First Received: July 22, 2005
Last Updated: January 11, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):
cocaine dependence

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cocaine-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Anesthetics, Local
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Vasoconstrictor Agents
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents processed this record on April 28, 2017