Innovation in Pulmonary Rehabilitation
|Pulmonary Disease Pulmonary Emphysema||Behavioral: Breathing retraining Behavioral: Heliox Behavioral: Exercise|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Innovation Methods to Augment Pulmonary Rehabilitation|
- Exercise Endurance [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ]Exercise endurance on a constant workrate treadmill test was measured at 14 weeks. The workload on the constant workrate treadmill test corresponded to the grade and speed that the participate had reached on a symptom-limited treadmill test when they reached 85% of their peak oxygen uptake value.
- Inspiratory Capacity [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ]Inspiratory capacity measured during exercise is a measure of air-trapping (dynamic hyperinflation). Inspiratory capacity was measured at an isotime (same time) during the constant workrate treadmill test at baseline and 14 weeks.
|Study Start Date:||October 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Breathing retraining
Exercise training with computerized training program
Behavioral: Breathing retraining
exercise training with computerized training program
Exercise training with helium oxygen combination
exercise training with a helium oxygen combination
Active Comparator: Exercise
Dynamic hyperinflation limits exercise tolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Recently, several innovative approaches have been developed to reduce the burden of dynamic hyperinflation. Two such innovations, ventilation-feedback training and Heliox supplementation during exercise show great promise and posit a reduction in dynamic hyperinflation as a key to their effectiveness. In our recently completed trial, when age, FEV1 and RV/TLC were controlled, exercise plus VF (E+VF) was superior to E training alone (E only) or VF training alone in improving exercise tolerance. The mechanism responsible for this difference was, in part, a reduction in exercise-induced dynamic hyperinflation secondary to a change in breathing pattern. In additional preliminary studies, we determined that exercise tolerance can be increased when patients exercise while inhaling Heliox. Similar to VF, the mechanism for exercise improvement with Heliox was a reduction in exercise-induced dynamic hyperinflation. Although both interventions are promising, there are no definitive data to support use of either intervention as a standard of care for pulmonary rehabilitation.
Hypothesis/Research Questions Overview: The two primary hypotheses are that patients with moderate-severe COPD who successfully complete eight weeks of (a) E+VF training will achieve longer exercise duration than patients randomly assigned to E only and (b) E+heliox training will achieve longer exercise duration than patients randomly assigned to E only.
Methods: This study was a randomized controlled clinical trial. After baseline testing is completed, 103 subjects with moderate-severe COPD were randomized into one of three groups: E+VF, E+Heliox and E training only. Follow-up testing was completed at 8 weeks. testing, activity monitoring, and dyspnea measurements. After baseline testing was completed, randomized subjects trained in the Physical Performance Laboratory three times weekly. Exercise prescriptions were standardized and based on data from the exercise stress test.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00123422
|United States, Illinois|
|Edward Hines, Jr. VA Hospital|
|Hines, Illinois, United States, 60141-5000|
|Principal Investigator:||Eileen G. Collins, PhD RN||Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital|