Evaluating a Collaborative Care Model for the Treatment of Schizophrenia (EQUIP)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00119574|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 13, 2005
Last Update Posted : April 7, 2015
Policy makers and consumers are increasingly concerned about the quality and efficiency of care provided to individuals with severe, chronic illnesses such as schizophrenia. These illnesses are expensive to treat and present significant challenges to organizations that are responsible for providing effective care. Occurring in 1% of the United States population, schizophrenia accounts for 10% of permanently disabled people, and 2.5% of all healthcare expenditures. Clinical practice guidelines have been promulgated. Schizophrenia is treatable and outcomes can be substantially improved with the appropriate use of antipsychotic medication, caregiver education and counseling, vocational rehabilitation, and assertive treatment. However, in the VA and other mental health systems, many patients with schizophrenia receive substandard care. Methods are needed that improve the quality of usual care for this disorder while being feasible to implement at typical clinics.
To date, most efforts to improve care for schizophrenia have focused on educating clinicians or changing the financing of care, and have had limited success. We believe a more fundamental approach should be tried. While there are many potential strategies, experience in chronic medical illness and mental health support the efficacy of specific approaches. Collaborative care models are one such approach. They are a blueprint for reorganizing practice, and involve changes in division of labor and responsibility, adoption of new care protocols, and increased attention to patients' needs. Although collaborative care models have been successful in other chronic medical conditions, they have not yet been studied in the treatment of schizophrenia.
We have developed a collaborative care model for schizophrenia that builds on work in other disorders, and includes service delivery approaches that are known to be effective in schizophrenia. The model focuses on improving treatment through assertive care management, caregiver education and support, and standardized patient assessment with feedback of information to psychiatrists. This project, "EQUIP" (Enhancing Quality Utilization In Psychosis) is implementing collaborative care and evaluating its effectiveness in schizophrenia.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Schizophrenia Disorders Chronic Illness Schizoaffective Disorder Weight Gain||Procedure: Collaborative Chronic Illness Model||Not Applicable|
Show Detailed Description
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||443 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Factorial Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Evaluating a Collaborative Care Model for the Treatment of Schizophrenia (EQUIP)|
|Study Start Date :||January 2002|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 2004|
|Arm 1||Procedure: Collaborative Chronic Illness Model|
- At 15 mo.: Provider attitudes on controlling symptoms & side-effects, & on family involvement Patient clinical outcomes Throughout the study: Patient compliance Provider practice patterns & adherence to VA guidelines Patient utilization
- Process assessment throughout the course of the study of barriers and facilitators to the intervention�s implementation
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00119574
|United States, California|
|VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, West Los Angeles, CA|
|West Los Angeles, California, United States, 90073|
|Principal Investigator:||Alexander Stehle Young, MD MSHS||VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, West Los Angeles, CA|