Trial of the Effectiveness of AQ/AS, SP/AQ and SP/CQ for Uncomplicated Malaria in Gambian Children
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The purpose of this trial is to compare the effectiveness of three combination treatments for uncomplicated malaria when given in operational settings, without supervision of doses other than the first dose.
Condition or disease
Drug: Amodiaquine plus artesunate (AQ/AS)Drug: Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine plus chloroquine (SP/CQ)Drug: Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine plus amodiaquine (SP/AQ)
Children aged 0.5-10 years presenting at health centres with fever or history of fever and other symptoms suggestive of malaria will be screened; children found to have uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria will be randomized to receive treatment with AS/AQ, SP/AQ or SP/CQ. A drug dispenser will supervise the first dose of medication and subsequent doses will be given to the child’s parent to be administered at home, unsupervised by the study team. Patients will be visited at home three days later. Unused medication will be counted and the mother will be asked about the number of doses the child received and any side effects. Children will be seen again 2 and 4 weeks after treatment to collect finger prick samples for packed cell volume (PCV) and malaria microscopy. The primary endpoint is clinical failure by day 28. Analysis will be by intention to treat.
Randomized Trial of the Effectiveness of Amodiaquine-Artesunate, Amodiaquine-Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine, and Chloroquine-Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine, for Treatment of Uncomplicated Malaria in Gambian Children
Study Start Date
Study Completion Date
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Ages Eligible for Study:
6 Months to 10 Years (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Presentation at health centre with febrile illness
Monoinfection with P. falciparum
Fever or history of fever
Signs of severe or complicated malaria (persistent vomiting with or without dehydration, history of convulsion during the present illness, inability to sit or stand, parasitaemia >200,000/ul)
Clinically evident concomitant disease
History of allergy to the study medications
Residence outside the study area and hence difficult to follow up