Imaging of Plaque With Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
This study aims to develop and refine the use of an intravascular wire to image plaque in the aorta, iliac and femoral artery using MRI. This project aims to use this increased resolution to identify the features within the plaque that is known to be associated with increased risk of plaque and vessel occlusion.
The hypothesis is Intravascular MRI can detect and measure changes in response to therapy over time in the critical features in plaques in peripheral arteries of patients with atherosclerosis.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Imaging of Plaque in Atherosclerosis With Intravascular MRI|
|Study Start Date:||January 2001|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2005|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: Subjects studied
Single arm exploratory feasibility safety and efficacy study of MRI to image atherosclerosis in arteries
Procedure: Intravascular MRI
Arterial imaging of atherosclerosis
For those patients undergoing cardiac catheterization, an 8French sheath will be introduced via a femoral artery approach. This size sheath allows us to visualize the distal aorta while performing the intra vascular ultrasound ( IVUS). For these patients, if a femoral venous sheath is also positioned for clinical purposes, then this access will also be utilized to introduce the MRI coil. This imaging approach will allow us to compare the feasibility of intravascular MRI imaging from: a) the artery; b) the vein; c) a combination of both.
For those patients not scheduled to undergo a clinically indicated cardiac catheterization, only a 6French sheath will be introduced via a femoral artery approach. In these patients, no femoral venous sheath will be introduced and the arterial access will not be upsized to a 8French sheath.
Two tablespoons of blood will be drawn from each patient to assess inflammatory markers such as C-Reactive Protein (CRP) as well as to confirm a negative pregnancy test for female patients of childbearing age.
Using 20cc of non-ionic contrast, an angiogram of the distal aorta and the ilio-femoral region will be performed and recorded on disc (5mins). Thereafter, an approved guidewire and intravascular ultrasound catheter will be positioned in the same arteries via the same access route, and ultrasound images of the arterial segment will be recorded (10mins.). The guidewire and the ultrasound coil will then be removed. Finally, an intravascular MRI wire will be advanced through the same arterial access and/or the previously indicated venous access under X-ray control and positioned in the desired atherosclerotic segment in the region of the distal aorta or at the ilio-femoral area. The MRI wire(s) will be secured in place by Tegaderm and the femoral sheath(s) will be sutured in stable position. The patient will then be transported to the MRI scanner, positioned in the scanner and images recorded over a period not exceeding 60 minutes. During the transport and throughout the MRI scanning, the patient will be monitored via an MRI-compatible cardiac monitor. During the time that the intravascular MRI coil is within the femoral sheath, it will be continuously perfused with heparinized saline and the patient will receive weight- adjusted (12 U/kg) intravenous heparin for systemic anticoagulation to prevent thrombosis. To obtain the MRI images, the patients will receive gadolinium contrast as per routine radiology protocols (0.1-0.2 mmol/kg). After recording the MRI images, the MRI coil(s) and the femoral sheath(s) will be removed from the artery and/or the vein as per usual care.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00115856
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Brigham and Womens Hospital|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|Principal Investigator:||Andrew Selwyn, MD||Brigham and Womens Hospital|