Apheresis to Obtain Plasma or White Blood Cells for Laboratory Studies

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified April 2016 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00114647
First received: June 15, 2005
Last updated: May 11, 2016
Last verified: April 2016
  Purpose

This study will collect blood plasma and white blood cells from individuals using a procedure called apheresis. Apheresis is a method of collecting larger quantities of certain blood components that can safely be collected through a simple blood draw. The blood components will be used in laboratory research studies.

Patients 18 years of age and older who are currently enrolled in a NIH clinical research protocol may participate in this study. Relatives of patients and normal healthy volunteers will also be enrolled.

Individuals will undergo one of the following two apheresis procedures:

  • Automated pheresis Blood is drawn through a needle placed in an arm vein and circulated through a cell separator machine. The plasma (liquid part of the blood) and white cells are extracted, and the red cells are re-infused into the donor through the same needle or a needle in the other arm. An anticoagulant (medication to prevent blood from clotting) is usually added to the blood while in the machine to prevent it from clotting during processing.
  • Manual pheresis One unit (1 pint) of blood is drawn through a needle placed in an arm vein, similar to donating a pint of whole blood. The red blood cells, with or without plasma, are separated from the rest of the blood and returned to the donor through the same needle. Manual pheresis will be done only when a person s estimated total blood volume or red cell count is too low to safely permit removal of blood through a pheresis machine. An adult small in size or markedly anemic, for example, may fall into this category.

Some of the blood collected through apheresis may be stored for future studies of HIV disease and immune function and for HLA testing, a genetic test of markers of the immune system. Some of the blood may be used to screen for different types of viral liver infections, such as hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, F, or G.


Condition
Blood Component Removal
Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Procedures to Obtain Plasma, Lymphocytes, or Other Specimens for Research Studies

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Completion of apheresis procedure [ Time Frame: Post-apheresis ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 2400
Study Start Date: October 1981
Detailed Description:
In order to carry out research procedures on the plasma or mononuclear components of blood, it is often necessary to obtain larger quantities of plasma or mononuclear cells than can be safely obtained by simple phlebotomy. These components can be easily and safely obtained using apheresis procedures in the Clinical Center Apheresis Unit. Other specimens are also sometimes needed for research, such as other blood components, body fluids (such as semen or urine) or secretions (from nose, mouth, or different skin areas). While this protocol is specifically designed to conform to the requirements of the Apheresis Unit for donors to have apheresis and other collection procedures, it also permits collection of these other donor specimens. However, the protocol, by itself, is not an independent research study but rather designed to facilitate sample collections that may aid other studies.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

    18 years of age or older

Adequate venous access

Blood pressure less than or equal to 180/100; pulse rate 50-100, unless a lower pulse rate is considered normal for the volunteer (e.g. a conditioned athlete)

Adequate blood counts if undergoing apheresis (HIV positive volunteers and volunteers with vasculitis or other inflammatory diseases: hemoglobin greater than or equal to 9.0 g/dL, HCT greater than or equal to 28%, platelets greater than or equal to 50,000; HIV negative volunteers: hemoglobin greater than or equal to 12.5 g/dL, HCT greater than or equal to 38%, platelets greater than or equal to 150,000)

Willing and able to provide written informed consent, comply with study requirements and procedures, and comply with clinic policies (including stored samples, hepatitis screening, and genetic testing including HLA testing)

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Pregnant and/or breast-feeding if undergoing apheresis; however, for other sample collection procedures such as simply phlebotomy or fluid collections these are not considered exclusion criteria

Currently abusing alcohol or other drugs

Any medical condition for which the PI feels apheresis or other sample collection proceduresmight be contraindicated

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00114647

Contacts
Contact: Holly A Baus (301) 443-5447 holly.baus@nih.gov
Contact: Richard T Davey, M.D. (301) 496-8029 rdavey@niaid.nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Richard T Davey, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00114647     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 810164  81-I-0164 
Study First Received: June 15, 2005
Last Updated: May 11, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Plasmapheresis
Leukapheresis
Lymphocytes
Apheresis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immune System Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 25, 2016