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UARK 2003-25: A Study of Intravenous (IV) Busulfan (Busulfex®) in Multiple Myeloma Patients

This study has been terminated.
(Due to poor accrual)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Arkansas Identifier:
First received: June 10, 2005
Last updated: April 10, 2015
Last verified: April 2015
The purpose of this study is to find out if patients with high risk disease because of age or kidney status can be treated more safely with a drug called Busulfex® followed by autologous transplant compared to treatment with the standard drug called melphalan, which has been shown to be quite difficult to tolerate in patients with poor kidney function and patients over the age of 65 when given in high doses.

Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Myeloma
Drug: Busulfan
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: UARK 2003-25: A Phase I/II Open Label Study of IV Busulfan (Busulfex®) in Multiple Myeloma Patients Older Than 65 Years of Age or With Renal Insufficiency

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Arkansas:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximal Dose of Busulfex® Given in a 2, 3, or 4 Day Period With Acceptable Toxicity to Myeloma Patients [ Time Frame: three years ]
    maximal dose of Busulfex® that can be given in a two, three, or four day period with acceptable toxicity to myeloma patients, who either are > or = 65 years of age or have renal insufficiency, defined as creatinine > 3g/dL or creatinine clearance < 30 ml/min

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Response Rate (CR, NCR) and Overall Survival of Patients on Busulfex Treatment [ Time Frame: three years ]
    Response rate (CR, NCR) and overall survival of patients on Busulfex treatment compared to patients with similar characteristics on other regimens.

Enrollment: 14
Study Start Date: June 2004
Study Completion Date: October 2009
Primary Completion Date: October 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Busulfan
study-specific treatment: Busulfex according to study design: Level I 3.2 mg/kg over 6 hours x 2 days Level II 3.2 mg/kg over 6 hours x 3 days Level III 3.2 mg/kg over 6 hours x 4 days Level IV 4.3 mg/kg over 6 hours x 3 days Level V 5.6 mg/kg over 6 hours x 2 days Level VI 6.4 mg/kg over 6 hours x 2 days
Drug: Busulfan
Dexamethasone 40 mg PO 1-4 Thalidomide 200 mg PO 1-6 Cisplatin* 10 mg/m, Continuous infusion 1-4 Adriamycin** 10 mg/m2, Continuous infusion 1-4 Cyclophosphamide 400 mg/2, Continuous infusion 1-4 Etoposide 40 mg/m2, Continuous infusion 1-4 All doses will be based on calculated body weight (actual weight + ideal body weight ÷ 2) and height, and not to exceed a BSA of 2.0 m2 The daily dose of cyclophosphamide, etoposide, and cisplatin will be mixed in a 1L bag of NS to be UAMS infused over 24 hours. Adriamycin will be mixed in at least 50cc D5W to be infused over 24 hours
Other Name: Busulfex

Detailed Description:
This trial will determine the maximal dose of Busulfex® that can be given in a two, three, or four day period with acceptable toxicity to myeloma patients, who either are > or = 65 years of age or have renal insufficiency, defined as creatinine > 3g/dL or creatinine clearance < 30 ml/min.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have symptomatic multiple myeloma requiring treatment
  • Patients must have been approved for single or tandem autologous transplant
  • Patients must be > or = 65 years of age or diagnosed with renal insufficiency, defined as having a creatinine > 3 mg/dl or a creatinine clearance < 30 ml/minute
  • Patients must not have a history of chronic obstructive or chronic restrictive pulmonary disease. Patients must have adequate pulmonary function studies > 50% of predicted on mechanical aspects (FEV1, FVC, etc) and diffusion capacity (DLCO) > 50% of predicted,
  • Patients must have an ECHO or MUGA performed within 60 days prior to registration, LVEF > 40%.
  • Bilirubin, SGOT, SGPT must be less than 1.5 times the upper limit of normal
  • Patients must have evaluable myeloma marker for response such as: *Serum M protein >1g/dl or urine M protein >1g/24 hours and/or; *Bone marrow plasmacytosis with >20% plasma cells and/or; *Extramedullary plasmacytosis; *MRI/PET scan has focal lesions due to myeloma.
  • Patients must be able to receive full doses of DT-PACE, in the opinion of the treating investigator, with the exception of cisplatin.
  • Patients must have a performance status of 0-2 based on SWOG criteria unless the patient's status is due to active myeloma
  • All patients must be informed of the investigational nature of the study and have signed an IRB-approved informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Serum transaminases > 1.5 x ULN and direct bilirubin > 1.5 mg/dl
  • HIV positive or active Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C infection; (if serology is positive a quantitative PCR will be done).
  • Patients with a prior malignancy in whom life expectancy is more likely to be determined by the prior malignancy than the myeloma. Patients must not currently be receiving therapy for the prior malignancy.
  • Pregnant or nursing women. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test documented within one week of registration. Women/men of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00113919

United States, Arkansas
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Myeloma Institute for Research and Therapy
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Arkansas
Principal Investigator: Frits van Rhee, MD, PhD UAMS
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Arkansas Identifier: NCT00113919     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2003-25
Study First Received: June 10, 2005
Results First Received: April 14, 2011
Last Updated: April 10, 2015

Keywords provided by University of Arkansas:
Myeloma, MM

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists processed this record on May 22, 2017