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Fluoxetine as a Quit Smoking AID for Depression Prone

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00113737
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 10, 2005
Last Update Posted : February 18, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Brief Summary:
To test whether adding fluoxetine pharmacotherapy to behavioral cessation treatment improves the depression-prone smoker's ability to quit.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Drug: fluoxetine Behavioral: cognitive behavioral therapy

Detailed Description:

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

The research was a treatment-matching study to test whether adding fluoxetine pharmacotherapy to behavioral cessation treatment improved the depression-prone smoker's ability to quit. The investigators randomized 144 smokers with a prior history of depression and 206 smokers who lack such a history to a double-blind treatment with either 60 mg fluoxetine or placebo, while they underwent cognitive behavioral treatment to quit smoking. The main study outcome was biologically verified abstinence 6 months after treatment. The administration of placebo and fluoxetine began 3 weeks before the quit smoke date and continued for 2 months post-quit date (totaling 11 weeks on drug/placebo). Cognitive behavioral treatment were weekly before quitting and biweekly after quitting. There were monthly follow-up evaluations for six months after the quit date. The research tested both the Selective Benefit Hypothesis and the Generalized Benefit Hypothesis of fluoxetine's effects. The hypothesis of the mechanism of action was that the drug diminished compulsive smoking behavior, obsessional cigarette craving, and nicotine withdrawal dysphoria that occurred independently of depressive vulnerability.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Study Start Date : February 1998
Study Completion Date : January 2002

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Fluoxetine
U.S. FDA Resources





Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
An estimated 144 smokers with a prior history of depression and 206 smokers who lacked such a history.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00113737


Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Investigators
OverallOfficial: Bonnie Spring U.S. Dept/Vets Affairs Med Ctr.

Publications:

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00113737     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 183
R01HL059348 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: June 10, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 18, 2016
Last Verified: June 2005

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Fluoxetine
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Serotonin Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors