Erlotinib and Temsirolimus in Treating Patients With Recurrent Malignant Glioma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00112736
First received: June 2, 2005
Last updated: May 29, 2015
Last verified: May 2015
  Purpose

Erlotinib and temsirolimus and may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of temsirolimus when given together with erlotinib and to see how well they work in treating patients with recurrent malignant glioma.


Condition Intervention Phase
Adult Anaplastic Astrocytoma
Adult Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma
Adult Diffuse Astrocytoma
Adult Giant Cell Glioblastoma
Adult Glioblastoma
Adult Gliosarcoma
Adult Mixed Glioma
Adult Pilocytic Astrocytoma
Adult Pineal Gland Astrocytoma
Adult Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma
Recurrent Adult Brain Tumor
Drug: erlotinib
Drug: temsirolimus
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: pharmacological study
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of OSI-774 (Erlotinib) and CCI-779 (Temsirolimus) in Patients With Recurrent Malignant Glioma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose (Phase I) [ Time Frame: based on first 4 weeks of treatment - cycle 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Oral erlotinab at 150mg constant dose, 3 pts will be treated with temsirolimus IV with escalating doses, starting at 50mg. Doses will increase or decrease based on toxicity observed.

    3 pts will be treated at each dose level - 3 dose levels were observed: 50mg, 25mg, and 15mg


  • Safety/Dose Limiting Toxities Phase I [ Time Frame: first 4 weeks of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Dose limiting toxities defined as: grade 3 thrombocytopenia, grade 4 anemia and neutropenia, grade >/= nonhematologic toxicity, and failure to recover from toxicites to be eligible for retreatment in 2 weeks of the last dose of either drug. Also grade 3 nonhematologic toxicities only if they wre refractory to maxiaml medical therapy.

    MTD defined as dose at which fewer than one-third of patients experienced a DLT

    Outcome measure defines number of participants who had a defined dose limiting toxicity.


  • Efficacy - Response Phase 1 [ Time Frame: at least 8 weeks of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    pt must have at least 8 weeks of treatment to receive MRI scan, scans are every other cycle (every 2 months). Response measured by a bidimensionally measured leison and clearly defined margins by CT or MRI scan.

    Complete Response (CR): complete disappearance of all measurable and evaluable disease. No new lesions, not on any steroids Partial Response (PR): >= 50% decrease under baseline in the sum of products of perpendicular diameters of all measurable lesions. No progression of evaluable disease. No new lesions. Steriod dose must be no greater than max used in 1st 8wks of therapy Stable: not qualify for CR, PR, or progression. Steriod dose must be no greater than max used in 1st 8wks of therapy Progression (PD): 25% increase in the sum of products of all measurable lesions over smallest sum observed, OR clear worsening or failure to return for evalution due to death or deteriorating condition (unless clearly unrelated to brain cancer).


  • Pharmacokinetics (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Days 1, 2 of cycle 1, prior to dosing of both drugs, at end of temsirolimus infusion and at 1,2,4,6, and 24 hr after erlotinib administration ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Tersirolimus Cmax (ng/mL) for cycle 1 is presented in the outcome measure table below for the 3 dose levels

    blood samples (5ml) was collected in EDTA containing tubes on days 1 and 2 of cycle 1

    Collection time points: prior to dosing of both drugs, at end of temsirolimus infusion and at 1,2,4,6, and 24 hr after erlotinib administration


  • Progression-free Survival at 6 Months (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Evaluated at baseline and every other cycle, till Month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Progression (PD): 25% increase in the sum of products of all measurable lesions over smallest sum observed, OR clear worsening or failure to return for evalution due to death or deteriorating condition (unless clearly unrelated to brain cancer).

    Responses had to be present on 2 consecutive scans and were centrally reviewed.



Enrollment: 69
Study Start Date: April 2005
Study Completion Date: April 2014
Primary Completion Date: April 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Phase 1 (erlotinib & temsirolimus)

PHASE I: Oral erlotinib 1 daily days 1-28 (150mg), temsirolimus IV 30 minutes days 1, 8, 15, 22 (dose escalation). Every 28 days until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

pharmacological study: Correlative studies

Drug: erlotinib
Given orally
Other Names:
  • CP-358,774
  • erlotinib hydrochloride
  • OSI-774
Drug: temsirolimus
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CCI-779
  • cell cycle inhibitor 779
  • Torisel
Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies
Experimental: Phase 2 temsirolimus MTD & erlotinib

Oral erlotinib 1 daily days 1-28 (150mg), temsirolimus IV 30 minutes days 1, 8, 15, 22 at MTD phse I. Every 28 days until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PHASE II (preoperative component): Patients who are surgical candidates may opt to undergo surgical resection of the tumor. Beginning 5-7 days before surgery, these patients receive oral erlotinib once daily until surgery. Patients also receive temsirolimus IV over 30 minutes at the MTD and then undergo surgical resection of the tumor 3-24 hours later. Beginning 2-4 weeks after surgery, patients receive temsirolimus at the MTD and erlotinib as in phase I.

therapeutic conventional surgery: Undergo surgical resection

laboratory biomarker analysis: Correlative studies

Drug: erlotinib
Given orally
Other Names:
  • CP-358,774
  • erlotinib hydrochloride
  • OSI-774
Drug: temsirolimus
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CCI-779
  • cell cycle inhibitor 779
  • Torisel
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Undergo surgical resection
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of OSI-774 (erlotinib; Tarceva) in combination with CCI-779 (temsirolimus) in patients with recurrent malignant glioma who are not taking enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drugs (EIAEDs). (Phase I) II. To characterize the safety profile of OSI-774 (erlotinib) and CCI-779 (temsirolimus). (Phase I) III. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of OSI-774 (erlotinib) and CCI-779 (temsirolimus). (Phase I) IV. To determine the efficacy of OSI-774 (erlotinib) and CCI-779 (temsirolimus) in patients with recurrent malignant glioma as measured by 6-month progression-free survival. (Phase II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Overall progression-free survival. (Phase II) II. Response. (Phase II)

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To explore the association of response to treatment to the molecular phenotype of the tumor. (Phase II) II. Determine whether OSI-774 (erlotinib) and CCI-779 (temsirolimus) inhibits EGFR and mTOR and the PI3K-AKT-mTOR and RAS-ERK signaling pathways in tumor specimens taken from malignant glioma patients undergoing surgery. (Phase II) III. Tumor concentration of OSI-774 (erlotinib) and CCI-779 (temsirolimus). (Phase II)

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, phase I, dose-escalation study of temsirolimus followed by a phase II study. Patients are stratified according to study phase (I vs II), histology at study enrollment (glioblastoma multiforme or gliosarcoma vs anaplastic glioma), preoperative candidacy (yes vs no), and presence of measurable or evaluable disease (yes vs no).

PHASE I: Patients receive oral erlotinib once daily on days 1-28 and temsirolimus IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of temsirolimus until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

PHASE II: Patients receive temsirolimus at the MTD and erlotinib as in phase I.

PHASE II (preoperative component): Patients who are surgical candidates may opt to undergo surgical resection of the tumor. Beginning 5-7 days before surgery, these patients receive oral erlotinib once daily until surgery. Patients also receive temsirolimus IV over 30 minutes at the MTD and then undergo surgical resection of the tumor 3-24 hours later. Beginning 2-4 weeks after surgery, patients receive temsirolimus at the MTD and erlotinib as in phase I.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-24 patients will be accrued for the phase I portion of the study within 1-8 months. A total of 50 patients (32 patients with glioblastoma multiforme and 18 with anaplastic glioma) will be accrued for the phase II portion of the study within 8-12 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with histologically proven intracranial glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) or gliosarcoma (GS), anaplastic astrocytoma (AA), anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AO), anaplastic mixed oligoastrocytoma (AMO), or malignant astrocytoma not otherwise specified (NOS) will be eligible for this protocol; patients will be eligible if the original histology was low-grade glioma and a subsequent histological diagnosis of a malignant glioma is made
  • All patients must sign an informed consent indicating that they are aware of the investigational nature of this study; patients must have signed an authorization for the release of their protected health information; patients must be registered in the Adult Brain Tumor Consortium (ABTC) Central Office database prior to treatment with study drug
  • Patients must have a life expectancy > 8 weeks
  • Patients must have a Karnofsky performance status of >= 60
  • Patients must have recovered from the toxic effects of prior therapy: 4 weeks (28 days) from any investigational agent, 4 weeks (28 days) from prior cytotoxic therapy, two weeks (14 days) from vincristine, 6 weeks (42 days) from nitrosoureas, 3 weeks (21 days) from procarbazine administration, and 1 week (7 days) for non-cytotoxic agents, e.g., interferon, tamoxifen, thalidomide, cis-retinoic acid, etc. (radiosensitizer does not count); any questions related to the definition of non-cytotoxic agents should be directed to the study chair
  • WBC >= 2,000/ul
  • ANC >= 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count of >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin >= 10 gm/dl
  • Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
  • AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT) =< 2.5 X institutional ULN
  • Creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL
  • Patients must have cholesterol level =< 350 mg/dl and triglycerides level =< 400 mg/dl
  • Patients must have shown unequivocal evidence for tumor progression by MRI or CT scan; a scan should be performed within 14 days prior to registration; the same type of scan, i.e., MRI or CT must be used throughout the period of protocol treatment for tumor measurement
  • Patients must have failed prior radiation therapy and must have an interval of greater than or equal to 6 weeks (42 days) from the completion of radiation therapy to study entry
  • Patients with prior therapy that included interstitial brachytherapy or stereotactic radiosurgery must have confirmation of true progressive disease rather than radiation necrosis based upon either PET or Thallium scanning, MR spectroscopy or surgical documentation of disease
  • Patients having undergone recent resection of recurrent or progressive tumor will be eligible as long as all of the following conditions apply:

    • They have recovered from the effects of surgery
    • Residual disease following resection of recurrent tumor is not mandated for eligibility into the study; to best assess the extent of residual disease post-operatively, a CT/ MRI should be done no later than 96 hours in the immediate post-operative period or at least 4 weeks post-operatively, within 14 days prior to registration; if the 96-hour scan is more than 14 days before registration, the scan needs to be repeated; if the steroid dose is increased between the date of imaging and registration, a new baseline MRI/CT is required on a stable or decreasing steroid dosage for at least 5 days
  • PHASE I: Patients may have had treatment for any number of prior relapses; relapse is defined as progression following initial therapy (i.e. radiation+/- chemo if that was used as initial therapy)
  • PHASE I: For the baseline MRI or CT scan prior to registration, patients in the Phase I component should be on a steroid dose that has been stable for at least 5 days prior to the scan; if the steroid dose is increased between the date of imaging and registration a new baseline MR/CT is required
  • PHASE II: Patients may have had treatment for no more than 2 prior relapses; relapse is defined as progression following initial therapy (i.e. radiation+/- chemo if that was used as initial therapy); the intent therefore is that patients had no more than 3 prior therapies (initial and treatment for 2 relapses); if the patient had a surgical resection for relapsed disease and no anti-cancer therapy was instituted for up to 12 weeks, and the patient undergoes another surgical resection, this is considered as 1 relapse; for patients who had prior therapy for a low-grade glioma, the surgical diagnosis of a high-grade glioma will be considered the first relapse
  • PHASE II: Unstained slides or tissue blocks must be available from at least one prior surgery; if available, frozen tissue is also requested from earlier surgeries
  • PHASE II: Patients who are eligible for participation in the phase II component of the study may be enrolled in a pre-operative study to evaluate biological and/or tissue correlates
  • PHASE II: For the baseline MRI or CT scan prior to registration, patients in the phase II component who are not participating in the pre-operative component of the study should be on a steroid dose that has been stable for at least 5 days prior to the scan; if the steroid dose is increased between the date of imaging and registration a new baseline MR/CT is required
  • PHASE II: For the patients in the preoperative component, only a scan showing progression is required; for this scan only stable steroids are not required; following surgery, a scan should be done no later than 96 hours or at least 4 weeks from surgery and on a steroid dose that is stable or decreasing; treatment with OSI-774 (erlotinib) and CCI-779 (temsirolimus) post-operatively should start no later than 14 days after the scan; if the 96-hour scan is more than 14 days before treatment is initiated, the scan needs to be repeated on a stable or decreasing steroid dose

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must not be on an enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drug (EIAED); if previously on an EIAED, the patient must be off of it for at least two weeks prior to registration
  • Patients must not have any significant medical illnesses that in the investigator's opinion cannot be adequately controlled with appropriate therapy or would compromise the patient's ability to tolerate this therapy
  • Patients with a history of any other cancer (except non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in-situ of the cervix), unless in complete remission and off of all therapy for that disease for a minimum of 3 years are ineligible
  • Patients must not have active infection or serious intercurrent medical illness
  • Patients must not be pregnant/breast feeding and must agree to practice adequate contraception; women of childbearing potential must have a negative B-HCG pregnancy test documented within 7 days prior to registration; patients must not be pregnant; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Patients must not have any disease that will obscure toxicity or dangerously alter drug metabolism
  • Patients must not have received prior therapy with CCI-779 (temsirolimus), OSI-774 (erlotinib) or other mTOR or epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors
  • HIV-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study due to possible retro-viral drug interactions
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00112736

Locations
United States, California
University of California Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
United States, Maryland
National Cancer Institute Neuro-Oncology Branch
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20814
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
University of Texas Health Science Center
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78229
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Patrick Wen, MD National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00112736     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00267878
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02921, NCI-2012-02921, CDR0000429553, NABTC04-02, NABTC-04-02, U01CA062399
Study First Received: June 2, 2005
Results First Received: April 28, 2015
Last Updated: May 29, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Astrocytoma
Glioblastoma
Glioma
Gliosarcoma
Oligodendroglioma
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Erlotinib
Everolimus
Sirolimus
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on June 30, 2015