Asthma Patient Education in the Emergency Room
|Asthma||Behavioral: Asthma Education in Adults Behavioral: Standard Emergency Room Asthma Education|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Trial of Asthma Patient Education in the Emergency Room|
- Quality of life [ Time Frame: Measured at 8 weeks ]
- Rescue inhaled beta agonist use [ Time Frame: Measured at 8 weeks ]
- Peak flow meter rates [ Time Frame: Measured at 8 weeks ]
- Number of days lost from work or school due to asthma [ Time Frame: Measured at 8 weeks ]
- Decreasing urgent resource utilization for asthma [ Time Frame: Measured at 16 weeks and 1 year ]
- Cost effectiveness [ Time Frame: Measured at 16 weeks and 1 year ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Intervention participants will receive information focusing on asthma self-management, education, self-efficacy, and social support while in the hospital emergency room. Telephone reinforcement will occur for 8 weeks following study entry.
Behavioral: Asthma Education in Adults
The intervention involves enhancing asthma education, asthma self-efficacy and asthma-related social support and is administered during a single in-person session in the ED (or hospital for admitted patients) followed by telephone reinforcement.
Active Comparator: 2
Participants in the control group will receive standard emergency room education about asthma.
Behavioral: Standard Emergency Room Asthma Education
Participants will receive standard emergency room education about asthma.
Many urban asthma emergency room patients lack effective self-management. Most current training programs are administered in outpatient settings and have low attendance rates for emergency room patients. There is a great need to develop effective programs that can be easily administered in the emergency room for patients who, in many cases, are not present in other settings to receive education. This proposal builds on preliminary studies and is tailored to provide emergency room patients with basic education during "a teachable moment" when they may be most receptive to asthma information.
Patients will be recruited from two New York City urban emergency rooms or inpatient settings and randomized to the intervention or control groups. Intervention patients will receive a protocol focusing on asthma self-management, education, self-efficacy, and social support, with telephone reinforcement for 8 weeks. Control patients will receive standard emergency room education about asthma.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00110409
|United States, New York|
|New York, New York, United States|
|Study Chair:||Carol A. Mancuso, MD||Hospital for Special Surgery, New York|