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PET Scans in Patients With Locally Advanced Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00109785
First Posted: May 4, 2005
Last Update Posted: December 24, 2015
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Imaging procedures such as PET scans may improve the ability to monitor the effectiveness of chemotherapy for locally advanced breast cancer.

PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying how well PET scans work in patients with locally advanced breast cancer who will undergo chemotherapy.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer Procedure: positron emission tomography Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18 Radiation: iodine I 124 iododeoxyuridine Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Positron Emitter I-124-Iododeoxyuridine to Follow DNA Metabolism on Scans and in Tumor Samples in Advanced Breast Cancer: Comparison to 18-F-2-Fluoro-2-Deoxy-(D)-Glucose, as a Tracer for Glycolysis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:

Enrollment: 8
Study Start Date: March 1997
Study Completion Date: December 2008
Primary Completion Date: December 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: PET Scans
The first group of positron emission tomography (PET) scans is performed within 2 weeks before the first dose of chemotherapy. The second group of PET scans occur no more than 7 weeks after chemotherapy and prior to local therapy, either surgery or radiation therapy. The PET scan before initiation of chemotherapy consists of 4 imaging sessions. There is one iodine I-124 iododeoxyuridine (IUdR) PET scan (3 imaging sessions) at 1, 4-8, and 24 hours after IUdR infusion, followed by one fludeoxyglucose (FDG) PET scan (1 imaging session) 45 minutes after FDG infusion.
Procedure: positron emission tomography Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18 Radiation: iodine I 124 iododeoxyuridine

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine whether the biologic activity of locally advanced breast cancer as measured by retention of iodine I 124 iododeoxyuridine (IUdR) on positron emission tomography (PET) scans pre- and postchemotherapy is different between patients whose tumor shrinks after treatment in comparison to patients whose tumor is stable or continues to grow.
  • Demonstrate that incorporation of IUdR into tumor is in the tumor DNA at 24-36 hours post injection, as documented by tissue analysis and immunohistochemistry and that this correlates with the subsequent change in tumor dimension and proliferative activity of the tumor.
  • Compare the pre and post treatment results of fludeoxyglucose (FDG) PET scanning and IUdR PET scanning in the same breast lesions as a basis for assessment of the relative metabolic change during chemotherapy.
  • Further assess the biologic activity of metastatic tumor sites and their changes in size following chemotherapy to standard parameters that are used to evaluate change in tumor size, obtained under clinical standard of care for breast cancer, which will include CT scans as well as bone scans.
  • Assess the accuracy of noninvasive measurement of PET measurement of the left ventricular cardiac chamber clearance of radioactivity as a substitute for arterial plasma sampling for determining metabolic rates of FDG and IUdR uptake into tumors.
  • Evaluate metabolic changes in tumors as they are affected by specific chemotherapy in comparison to changes in tumor dimensions.

OUTLINE: For this study, the chemotherapy administered for an individual patient is at the discretion of the patient's primary attending physician. After chemotherapy, the patient is evaluated for surgical resection of the tumor. If the tumor is unresectable, the patient may be offered radiation therapy.

The first group of positron emission tomography (PET) scans is performed within 2 weeks before the first dose of chemotherapy. The second group of PET scans occur no more than 7 weeks after chemotherapy and prior to local therapy, either surgery or radiation therapy.

The PET scan before initiation of chemotherapy consists of 4 imaging sessions. There is one iodine I-124 iododeoxyuridine (IUdR) PET scan (3 imaging sessions) at 1, 4-8, and 24 hours after IUdR infusion, followed by one fludeoxyglucose (FDG) PET scan (1 imaging session) 45 minutes after FDG infusion.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 20 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed locally advanced breast carcinoma

    • Stage T3 T4, N2 or N3 disease
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Not specified

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 and over

Sex:

  • Male or female

Menopausal status:

  • Not specified

Performance status:

  • Karnofsky 80-100%

Hematopoietic:

  • Not specified

Hepatic:

  • Not specified

Renal:

  • Not specified

Other:

  • No history of psychiatric illness that would preclude giving informed consent
  • Not pregnant
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy

  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • Not specified

Surgery

  • Not specified
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00109785


Locations
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Study Chair: Teresa Ann Gilewski, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00109785     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MSKCC-97046
CDR0000065706 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
NCI-G97-1308
First Submitted: May 3, 2005
First Posted: May 4, 2005
Last Update Posted: December 24, 2015
Last Verified: December 2015

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
stage IIIA breast cancer
stage IIIB breast cancer
stage IIIC breast cancer
male breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Idoxuridine
Radiopharmaceuticals
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors