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Paclitaxel, Polyglutamate Paclitaxel, or Observation in Treating Patients With Stage III or Stage IV Ovarian Epithelial, Peritoneal Cancer, or Fallopian Tube Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gynecologic Oncology Group Identifier:
First received: April 18, 2005
Last updated: May 3, 2017
Last verified: May 2017
This randomized phase III trial studies paclitaxel to see how well it works compared to polyglutamate paclitaxel or observation only in treating patients with stage III or stage IV ovarian epithelial, peritoneal cancer, or fallopian tube cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel and polyglutamate paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Paclitaxel and polyglutamate paclitaxel may also stop the growth of ovarian epithelial or peritoneal cancer by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Sometimes, after treatment, the tumor may not need additional treatment until it progresses. In this case, observation may be sufficient. It is not yet known whether paclitaxel is more effective than polyglutamate paclitaxel or observation only in treating ovarian epithelial, peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Fallopian Tube Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma
Fallopian Tube Endometrioid Adenocarcinoma
Fallopian Tube Mucinous Adenocarcinoma
Fallopian Tube Serous Adenocarcinoma
Fallopian Tube Transitional Cell Carcinoma
Ovarian Brenner Tumor
Ovarian Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma
Ovarian Endometrioid Adenocarcinoma
Ovarian Mucinous Adenocarcinoma
Ovarian Seromucinous Carcinoma
Ovarian Serous Adenocarcinoma
Ovarian Transitional Cell Carcinoma
Primary Peritoneal Serous Adenocarcinoma
Stage IIIA Fallopian Tube Cancer
Stage IIIA Ovarian Cancer
Stage IIIA Primary Peritoneal Cancer
Stage IIIB Fallopian Tube Cancer
Stage IIIB Ovarian Cancer
Stage IIIB Primary Peritoneal Cancer
Stage IIIC Fallopian Tube Cancer
Stage IIIC Ovarian Cancer
Stage IIIC Primary Peritoneal Cancer
Stage IV Fallopian Tube Cancer
Stage IV Ovarian Cancer
Stage IV Primary Peritoneal Cancer
Undifferentiated Fallopian Tube Carcinoma
Undifferentiated Ovarian Carcinoma
Other: Clinical Observation
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Drug: Paclitaxel
Drug: Paclitaxel Poliglumex
Procedure: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase III Trial of Maintenance Chemotherapy Comparing 12, Monthly Cycles of Single Agent Paclitaxel or CT-2103 Versus No Treatment Until Documented Relapse in Women With Advanced Ovarian, Primary Peritoneal or Fallopian Tube Cancer Who Achieve a Complete Clinical Response to Primary Platinum/Taxane Chemotherapy

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Gynecologic Oncology Group:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: From protocol entry to death due to any cause, or for living patients, date of last contact, up to 12 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Frequency and severity of adverse effects assessed by CTCAE v3.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days post-treatment ]
    Safety endpoints will be summarized with descriptive statistics for the patients in the safety analysis dataset.

  • Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: From protocol entry to the date of first clinical, biochemical, or radiological evidence of progression or death due to any cause, up to 12 years ]
  • Quality of life assessed by Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Ovarian-Trial Outcome Index and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Gynecologic Oncology Group/Neurotoxicity version 4 [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months after study enrollment ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Biomarker expression analysis [ Time Frame: Up to day 1 of course 2 ]
    Will assess whether one or more biologic markers of angiogenesis are associated with either progression-free or overall survival and will develop a potentially prognostic index and possibly a predictive index. A prognostic index will be developed utilizing the biomarker values from samples collected prior to study treatment. Using the functional relationships between the univariate biomarker values and the log relative hazards developed during the biomarker screening step, a multivariate model will be constructed.

Estimated Enrollment: 1100
Study Start Date: March 2005
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2022 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (paclitaxel poliglumex)
Patients receive polyglutamate paclitaxel IV over 10-20 minutes on day 1.Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Drug: Paclitaxel Poliglumex
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CT-2103
  • Paclitaxel Polyglutamate
  • Paclitaxel-Polyglutamate Polymer
  • PG-TXL
  • Poly-L-Glutamic acid-Paclitaxel Conjugate
  • Polyglutamic Acid Paclitaxel
  • Xyotax
Procedure: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment
Active Comparator: Arm II (paclitaxel)
Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Drug: Paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • Bristaxol
  • Praxel
  • Taxol
  • Taxol Konzentrat
Procedure: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment
Arm III (observation)
Patients receive no further anticancer treatment until evidence of disease progression.
Other: Clinical Observation
Undergo observation
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Procedure: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment

Detailed Description:


I. To determine whether CT-2103 (polyglutamate paclitaxel) or paclitaxel, administered to women with advanced ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer who have attained a clinically-defined complete response to primary platinum/taxane-based chemotherapy ("consolidation/maintenance therapy") will reduce the death rate, compared to re-treatment at the time of documented disease progression.

II. To determine if, in this clinical setting, CT-2103 produces a more favorable toxicity profile (with a particular focus on peripheral neuropathy as measured by the Gynecologic Oncology Group [GOG] NTX4) and superior quality-of-life (as measured by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Ovarian [FACT-O]), compared to paclitaxel.


I. To explore the relationship between expression of several of the angiogenic markers and overall survival or progression-free survival in patients randomized to CT-2103, paclitaxel, or no treatment.

II. To assess the association among the various tissue and serum markers of angiogenesis, and compare the ability of different combinations of these markers to predict patient outcome including overall survival and progression-free survival in patients randomized to CT-2103, paclitaxel, or no treatment.

III. To bank deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from whole blood for research and evaluate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and measures of clinical outcome including overall survival, progression-free survival and adverse events.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive polyglutamate paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 10-20 minutes on day 1.

ARM II: Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours on day 1.

ARM III: Patients receive no further anticancer treatment until evidence of disease progression.

In arms I and II, treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 10 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a histologic diagnosis of primary peritoneal carcinoma, or stage III or IV epithelial ovarian or fallopian tube carcinoma, with either optimal (=< 1 cm residual disease) or suboptimal residual disease following initial surgery; all patients must have had appropriate surgery for ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube carcinoma with appropriate tissue available for histologic evaluation to confirm diagnosis and stage
  • Patients with the following histologic epithelial cell types are eligible:

    • Serous adenocarcinoma
    • Endometrioid adenocarcinoma
    • Mucinous adenocarcinoma
    • Undifferentiated carcinoma
    • Clear cell adenocarcinoma
    • Mixed epithelial carcinoma
    • Transitional cell carcinoma
    • Malignant Brenner tumor
    • Adenocarcinoma not otherwise specified (NOS)
  • Patients must have completed treatment within the past 12 weeks with at least 5 cycles and not more than 8 cycles of a platinum (IV or intraperitoneal [IP]) and paclitaxel or docetaxel-based combination chemotherapy and have no symptoms suggestive of persistent cancer, normal (no evidence of cancer) computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen/pelvis and normal cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) following this therapy

    • Patients treated with neo-adjuvant platinum-taxane chemotherapy for a presumptive diagnosis of stage III or IV epithelial ovarian, primary peritoneal or, fallopian tube (by paracentesis, percutaneous biopsy or open biopsy) are eligible provided that they have undergone interval abdominal surgery after at least one but no more than six cycles of standard chemotherapy; such surgery must meet the same criteria as for those undergoing up front surgery, including tissue diagnosis for confirmation of primary tumor site and stage III or IV disease; also, patients must have received at least two cycles after interval abdominal surgery
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/ul, equivalent to Common Toxicity Criteria (CTCAE version [v]3.0) grade 1
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/ul
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 times institutional upper limit of normal (ULN), CTCAE v3.0 grade 1
  • Bilirubin =< 1.5 times ULN, (CTCAE v3.0 grade 1)
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) =< 2.5 times ULN (CTCAE v3.0 grade 1)
  • Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.5 times ULN (CTCAE v3.0 grade 1)
  • Neuropathy (sensory and motor) less than or equal to CTCAE v3.0 grade 1
  • Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2
  • Patients must have signed an approved informed consent and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) authorization
  • Patients must complete pre-entry assessments

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a current diagnosis of epithelial ovarian or fallopian tube tumor of low malignant potential (LMP) (Borderline carcinomas) are not eligible; patients with a prior diagnosis of a low malignant potential tumor that was surgically resected and who subsequently develop invasive adenocarcinoma are eligible, provided that they have not received prior chemotherapy for their ovarian LMP tumor
  • Germ cell tumors, sex cord-stromal tumors, carcinosarcomas, mixed mullerian tumors or carcinosarcomas, metastatic carcinomas from other sites to the ovary and low malignant potential tumors including so called micropapillary serous carcinomas are not eligible
  • Patients who have received prior radiotherapy to any portion of the abdominal cavity or pelvis are excluded; prior radiation for localized cancer of the breast, head and neck, or skin is permitted, provided that it was completed more than 3 years prior to registration, and the patient remains free of recurrent or metastatic disease
  • Patients who have received investigational therapies, and/or biological therapies (i.e. Bevacizumab or Erlotinib) for their epithelial ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancers or for any other abdominal or pelvic tumor, are not excluded; however, biologics cannot be continued concurrent with the GOG-012 maintenance treatment (or observation); patients who have received prior chemotherapy for any other abdominal or pelvic tumor (except as noted above) are excluded; patients may have received prior adjuvant chemotherapy for localized breast cancer, provided that it was completed more than 3 years prior to registration, and that the patient remains free of recurrent or metastatic disease
  • Patients with synchronous primary endometrial cancer, or a past history of primary endometrial cancer, are excluded, unless all of the following conditions are met:

    • Stage not greater than I-B
    • Less than 3 mm invasion without vascular or lymphatic invasion
    • No poorly differentiated subtypes, including papillary serous, clear cell, or other Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Grade 3 lesions
  • With the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer and other specific malignancies as noted above, patients with other invasive malignancies who had (or have) any evidence of the other cancer present within the last 5 years or whose previous cancer treatment contraindicates this protocol therapy are excluded
  • Patients with acute hepatitis, or known chronic hepatitis
  • Patients with an active infection that requires antibiotics
  • Patients with ongoing gastrointestinal bleeding requiring blood product support
  • Patients whose circumstances at the time of entry onto the protocol would not permit completion of study or required follow up
  • Patients with unstable angina or those who have had a myocardial infarction within the past six months; patients with evidence of abnormal cardiac conduction (e.g. bundle branch block, heart block) are eligible if their disease has been stable for the past six months
  • Patients are excluded who have had prior therapy with CT-2103
  • Patients with active bleeding or an unexplained prothrombin time (PT) or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) > institutional upper limit normal (ULN)
  • Patients who are pregnant or nursing are excluded; patients who may become pregnant must practice an effective method of birth control
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00108745

  Show 307 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gynecologic Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Larry Copeland NRG Oncology
  More Information

Responsible Party: Gynecologic Oncology Group Identifier: NCT00108745     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GOG-0212
NCI-2009-00586 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
GOG-0212 ( Other Identifier: NRG Oncology )
GOG-0212 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180868 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
U10CA027469 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: April 18, 2005
Last Updated: May 3, 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ovarian Neoplasms
Fallopian Tube Neoplasms
Peritoneal Neoplasms
Brenner Tumor
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Abdominal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Endometrial Neoplasms
Uterine Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Fibroepithelial
Neoplasms, Fibrous Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell
Carcinoma, Endometrioid
Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous
Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases processed this record on May 25, 2017