Study to Lower Veterans BP: Patient/Physician Intervention
Behavioral: Telephone behavioral education
Behavioral: Computer behavioral education
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Open Label
|Official Title:||Study to Lower Veterans Blood Pressure: Patient/Physician Intervention|
- BP control at primary care visit; Systolic and diastolic BPs as recorded at each primary care provider visit during 24 month enrollment period.
- Knowledge and perceived risks associated with hypertension and ability to continue hypertension regimen will be assessed at baseline and via telephone 6 and 24 months after baseline; Medication adherence will be assessed from pharmacy records
|Study Start Date:||March 2002|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2005|
|Arm 1||Behavioral: Telephone behavioral education Behavioral: Computer behavioral education|
There are 65 million Americans and over 8.5 million veterans who have been diagnosed with hypertension, yet only 31% have their blood pressure (BP) under effective control. Uncontrolled hypertension greatly increases the risk of stroke, CAD, renal failure, CHF, and mortality.
This four year study evaluated simultaneously both a patient and a provider intervention in a primary care setting among diagnosed hypertensive veterans. The two primary hypotheses were: 1) the proportion of veterans with BP control who receive either the provider-directed decision support or the patient behavioral/education intervention will be increased by 10% as compared to usual care; and 2) the proportion of veterans with BP control who receive both the provider-directed decision support and the patient health education and behavioral intervention will be increased by 25% as compared to usual care.
This was a randomized controlled trial with a split-plot design. Thirty primary care providers in the Durham VAMC Primary Care Clinic were randomly assigned to receive either the provider intervention or basic patient information; 588 of their hypertensive patients were randomized to the patient intervention or usual care. The provider intervention (ATHENA study (IIR 99-275) included an electronically generated hypertension decision support system (DSS) delivered to the provider at each hypertensive patient's visit. The provider intervention was designed to improve guideline concordant therapy. The patient intervention was a tailored behavioral/education intervention administered at periodic telephone contacts. The intervention included support and reminders, information on hypertension and on health behaviors. Patients received feedback about their recent BP values, continuous patient education, and were monitored and supported to enhance adherence. The control group was usual care.
Complete. Major activities completed in the past 12 months include submission of a manuscript describing the study, the interventions, and baseline and follow-up analyses. Secondary analyses are being completed which will be included in additional manuscripts.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00105716
|United States, North Carolina|
|Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, NC|
|Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27705|
|Principal Investigator:||Hayden B. Bosworth, PhD||Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, NC|
|Principal Investigator:||Eugene Z. Oddone, MD MHSc||Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, NC|