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A Phase III Study of Sorafenib in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma (SHARP)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00105443
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 15, 2005
Results First Posted : September 27, 2010
Last Update Posted : October 31, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bayer

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is: Find out if patients receiving sorafenib will live longer. Find out if sorafenib has any effect on patient reported outcomes. Find out if sorafenib prevents the growth of or shrinks liver tumors and/or their metastases. Determine the pharmacokinetics (PK) in patients with liver cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular Drug: Sorafenib (Nexavar, BAY43-9006) Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

The following abbreviations were used in the Adverse Event section:

  • international normalized ratio (inr)
  • Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (ctcae)
  • Not Otherwise Specified (nos)
  • Gastrointestinal (gi)
  • Central nervous system (cns)
  • Absolute Neutrophil Count (anc)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
  • Creatine phosphokinase (cpk)
  • Gammaglutamyltransferase (ggt)
  • Genitourinary (gu)
  • Atrioventricular (av)

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 602 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized, Placebo-controlled Study of Sorafenib in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Study Start Date : March 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Sorafenib (Nexavar, BAY43-9006)
Sorafenib 400 mg was administered orally at a dose of 400 mg (2 x 200 mg tablets) twice daily; 2 dose reductions to predefined levels of 400 mg once daily (OD) and 400 mg every other day were permitted for adverse events related to study treatment. Follow-up / Open Label phase: Subjects on sorafenib who continued the study, continued on the same dose of sorafenib as during the double-blind study.
Drug: Sorafenib (Nexavar, BAY43-9006)
Sorafenib 400 mg was administered orally at a dose of 400 mg (2 x 200 mg tablets) twice daily (bid); 2 dose reductions to predefined levels of 400 mg once daily (OD) and 400 mg every other day were permitted for adverse events related to study treatment.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Sorafenib-matching placebo tablets were orally administered twice daily (bid). Follow-up / Open Label phase: Subjects on placebo who chose to switch to sorafenib, received an oral dose of 400 mg (2 x 200 mg tablets) bid; similar to the double-blind study.
Drug: Placebo
Sorafenib-matching placebo tablets were orally administered twice daily (bid).



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: from randomization to death due to any cause until an average 7.2 months later up to the data cut-off date approximately 19 months after start of enrollment ]
    Overall Survival was defined as the time from date of starting treatment to death due to any cause. Subjects still alive at the time of analysis were censored at their last date of last contact.

  2. Time to Symptomatic Progression (TTSP) [ Time Frame: from randomization to the first documented symptomatic progression until an average 4.8 months later up to the data cut-off date approximately 19 months after start of enrollment ]
    TTSP was defined as the time from randomization to the first documented symptomatic progression.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: from randomization to disease progression based on radiological assessment until an average 2.8 months later up to the data cut-off date approximately 19 months after start of enrollment ]
    TTP was defined as the time from randomization to disease progression (radiological only). Subjects without tumor progression at the time of analysis were censored at their last date of tumor evaluation.

  2. Disease Control (DC) [ Time Frame: time from randomization to end of treatment up to the data cutoff date approximately 19 months after start of enrollment ]
    The DC is defined as the number of subjects with a best response rating of complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD) that is maintained at least 28 days from the first manifestation of that rating. Definitions: CR = disappearance of all clinical and radiological tumor lesions; PR = at least 30% decrease in sum of the longest diameters of tumor lesions; SD = neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase for progressive disease.

  3. Patients Reported Outcome (PRO) by Use of the FACT-Hep Questionnaire [ Time Frame: from randomization to end of treatment up to the data cutoff date approximately 19 months after start of enrollment ]
    PRO is a disease-specific measure, developed as symptom-focused approach in HCC and measured by the response rates for the PWB and FWB subscales of the 45-item Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Hepatobiliary (FACT-Hep) questionnaire. The FACT-Hep response rate was based on the number of subjects who achieved the 8-point minimally important difference (MID) for this subscale. FACT-Hep total score ranges from 0 to 180, where the highest score represents a maximum achievable quality of life (QoL) value.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ages eligible for study: 18 years and above, Genders eligible for study: both
  • Patients who have a life expectancy of at least 12 weeks
  • Patients with histologically or cytologically documented Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)
  • Patients must have at least one tumor lesion that meets both of the following criteria: (1) Accurately measured in at least one dimension according to RECIST (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors) (2) Not previously treated with local therapy
  • Patients who have an ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) PS (Performance Status) of 0, 1, or 2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from HCC, EXCEPT cervical carcinoma in situ, treated basal cell carcinoma, superficial bladder tumors (Ta [Noninvasive papillary carcinoma], Tis [Carcinoma in situ: "flat tumor"] & T1 [Tumor invades subepithelial connective tissue]). Any cancer curatively treated > 3 years prior to entry is permitted
  • Renal failure requiring hemo- or peritoneal dialysis
  • History of cardiac disease
  • Active clinically serious infections
  • Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Known central nervous system tumors including metastatic brain disease
  • Patients with clinically significant gastrointestinal bleeding within 30 days prior to study entry

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00105443


  Show 178 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bayer
Investigators
Study Director: Bayer Study Director Bayer

Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Bayer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00105443     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 100554
2004-001773-26 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: March 15, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 27, 2010
Last Update Posted: October 31, 2014
Last Verified: October 2014

Keywords provided by Bayer:
Liver Cancer
Cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Sorafenib
Niacinamide
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs