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Lapatinib Ditosylate in Treating Patients With a Rising PSA Indicating Recurrent Prostate Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: February 7, 2005
Last updated: September 19, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
This phase II trial studies how well lapatinib ditosylate works in treating patients with a rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a protein made by the prostate gland, indicating that prostate cancer has come back after previous treatment. Lapatinib ditosylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and may delay or prevent the progression of prostate cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Recurrent Prostate Cancer
Stage I Prostate Cancer
Stage IIA Prostate Cancer
Stage IIB Prostate Cancer
Stage III Prostate Cancer
Drug: lapatinib ditosylate
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of GW572016 in Patients With Recurrent Prostate Cancer as Evident by a Rising PSA

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Patients With PSA Response, Defined as a 50% or Greater Decline in the Serum PSA Level [ Time Frame: Assessed every cycle while on treatment; after being off-treatment, assessed every 3 months for 2 years, then every 6 months for 3 years, then annually for 5 years ]

    PSA response is defined as either complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) observed at any time during the entire measurement time period.

    CR: In patients treated with prior radical prostatectomy, a PSA < 0.2 ng/mL confirmed by a repeat PSA at least one month apart was considered a complete biochemical response. In patients treated with radiation therapy only, a PSA < 1 ng/mL on three separate occasions taken at least one month apart was considered a complete biochemical response.

    PR: A reduction in PSA by > 50% from baseline, confirmed by repeat PSA 1 month later.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The Change in PSA Slope With GW572016 (Lapatinib) [ Time Frame: Assessed every cycle while on treatment; after being off-treatment, assessed every 3 months for 2 years, then every 6 months for 3 years, then annually, for 5 years ]
    PSA was evaluated every cycle while on treatment. PSA test results show the level of PSA detected in the blood. These results were reported as nanograms of PSA per milliliter (ng/mL) of blood. PSA slope is the change in PSA level over time. A sharp rise in the PSA level raises the suspicion of cancer and may indicate a fast-growing cancer.

  • Progression-free Survival Rate at 2 Years [ Time Frame: Assessed every cycle while on treatment; after being off-treatment, assessed every 3 months for 2 years, then every 6 months for 3 years, then annually for 5 years ]
    Proportion of patients who are living with a disease that does not get worse at 2 years from registration based on Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Relationship Between Progression-free Survival and EGFR Expression Levels [ Time Frame: Assessed every cycle while on treatment; after being off-treatment, assessed every 3 months for 2 years, then every 6 months for 3 years, then annually for 5 years ]
    The association between EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) expression levels and the length of time during and after treatment in which a patient is living with a disease that does not get worse.

Enrollment: 49
Study Start Date: September 2005
Study Completion Date: June 2013
Primary Completion Date: June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (lapatinib ditosylate)
Patients receive lapatinib ditosylate PO daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: lapatinib ditosylate
Given PO
Other Names:
  • GSK572016
  • GW-572016
  • GW2016
  • Lapatinib
  • Tykerb
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:


I. To evaluate the percentage of patients with hormone sensitive prostate cancer who experience > 50% decline in serum PSA during treatment with GW572016 (lapatinib ditosylate).


I. To evaluate the duration of PSA decline. II. To characterize the change in PSA slope with GW572016. III. To characterize the safety and tolerability of GW572016 in this patient population.

IV. To estimate the time to progression (TTP) and progression-free survival at 2 years (from start of therapy).

V. To evaluate the correlation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression/signaling (from available prostate biopsy specimens or prostatectomy blocks) and its relationship to change in PSA in patients treated with GW572016.


Patients receive lapatinib ditosylate orally (PO) daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months if patient is < 2 years from study entry, every 6 months if patient is 2-5 years from study entry, or every year if patient is 5-10 years from study entry for 10 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of prostate cancer
  • Previous treatment with definitive surgery or radiation therapy
  • Prior salvage therapy (surgery, radiation, or other local ablative procedures) is allowed if the intent was for cure
  • No evidence of metastatic disease on physical exam, computed tomography (CT) (magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]), and bone scan
  • Prior neoadjuvant/adjuvant hormonal or chemotherapy and investigational agents are allowed if it was last used >= 1 year prior to enrollment (no prior vaccine/immunotherapy for prostate cancer will be allowed)
  • No therapy modulating testosterone levels (such as luteinizing-hormone releasing-hormone agonists/antagonists and antiandrogens) is permitted within 1 year prior to enrollment; agents such as 5alpha-reductase inhibitors, ketoconazole, megestrol acetate, systemic steroids, or herbal supplements are not permitted at any time during the period that the PSA values are being collected
  • Hormone-sensitive prostate cancer as evident by a serum total testosterone level > 150 ng/dL within 4 weeks prior to registration
  • All patients must have evidence of biochemical progression as determined by a reference PSA value followed by 2 rising PSA values, each higher than the previous value, obtained at least 6 weeks apart; all of these PSA values must be obtained at the same reference lab, and all must be done within 6 months prior to enrollment
  • The most recent of the PSA values must be greater than 0.4 ng/ml (after prostatectomy) or greater than 1.5 ng/ml (after radiation therapy) at time of enrollment; this measurement must be obtained within 6 months prior to enrollment
  • PSA doubling time (PSADT) must be =< 365 days
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status 0-1
  • Leukocytes >= 3000/mm^3
  • Granulocytes >= 1500/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Serum creatinine within normal institutional limits or creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Serum total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
  • Serum alkaline phosphatase within normal institutional limits
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) and serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Cardiac ejection fraction within the institutional range of normal, as measured by echocardiogram or multi gated acquisition scan (MUGA) scan within 4 weeks prior to registration; note that baseline and on-treatment scans should be performed using the same modality and preferably at the same institution
  • No unstable arrhythmias on electrocardiogram (ECG) are allowed (rate controlled, asymptomatic atrial fibrillation is allowed)
  • No concomitant use of any medication classified as cytochrome P450 family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) inducer or inhibitor; for patients previously treated with one of these prohibited medications, the prohibited agent needs to be discontinued, either 7 days, 14 days, or 6 months prior to the administration of the first dose of study medication
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study; appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy when indicated
  • Normal prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) within 4 weeks prior to registration
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medication
  • Patients with gastrointestinal (GI) tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication, malabsorption syndrome, a requirement for intravenous (IV) alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, uncontrolled inflammatory GI disease (e.g., Crohn's, ulcerative colitis) will not be eligible
  • Sexually active males are strongly advised to use an accepted and effective method of contraception
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents or receiving concurrent anticancer therapy
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to GW572016
  • No uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • No other malignancies permitted within the past 5 years with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer treated with curative intent
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00103194

United States, Pennsylvania
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19103
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Glenn Liu ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00103194     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT02154373
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2014-01158
NCI-2014-01158 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
E5803 ( Other Identifier: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) )
U10CA180820 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
U10CA021115 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: February 7, 2005
Results First Received: November 3, 2011
Last Updated: September 19, 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on April 28, 2017