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Phase II Trial of FOLFOX6, Bevacizumab and Cetuximab in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: January 6, 2005
Last updated: June 26, 2015
Last verified: July 2013
Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab and cetuximab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Bevacizumab may also stop the growth of colorectal cancer by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Giving combination chemotherapy together with bevacizumab and cetuximab may kill more tumor cells. This phase II trial is studying how well giving combination chemotherapy together with bevacizumab and cetuximab works in treating patients with stage IV colorectal cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.

Condition Intervention Phase
Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum
Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Colon
Recurrent Colon Cancer
Recurrent Rectal Cancer
Signet Ring Adenocarcinoma of the Colon
Stage IV Colon Cancer
Stage IV Rectal Cancer
Biological: cetuximab
Biological: bevacizumab
Drug: oxaliplatin
Drug: leucovorin calcium
Drug: fluorouracil
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of FOLFOX6, Bevacizumab and Cetuximab in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Severe Adverse Event (SAE) Rate [ Time Frame: The duration of the study ]
    The primary objective is to evaluate safety in all treated patients specifically the rate of serious adverse events which were defined as grade 5 events, grade 4 hemorrhage or thrombosis or bowel perforation

  • Progression Free Survival Rate [ Time Frame: From randomization to the first documented disease progression ]

Enrollment: 66
Study Start Date: November 2004
Study Completion Date: July 2011
Primary Completion Date: July 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (combination chemotherapy)
Patients receive cetuximab IV over 60-120 minutes on day 1 in weeks 1-8. Patients also receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes, oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours, and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours on day 1, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 48 hours on days 1 and 2 of weeks 1, 3, 5, and 7. Courses repeat every 8 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: cetuximab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • C225
  • C225 monoclonal antibody
  • IMC-C225
  • MOAB C225
  • monoclonal antibody C225
Biological: bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
  • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • Avastin
  • rhuMAb VEGF
Drug: oxaliplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 1-OHP
  • Dacotin
  • Dacplat
  • Eloxatin
  • L-OHP
Drug: leucovorin calcium
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CF
  • CFR
  • LV
Drug: fluorouracil
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-fluorouracil
  • 5-Fluracil
  • 5-FU

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the safety, feasibility of administration, response rates and progression free survival among chemotherapy naïve patients with advanced colorectal cancer treated with FOLFOX6 plus bevacizumab and cetuximab (FBC).

II. To determine the survival of patients with advanced colorectal cancer treated with FBC.

III. To determine the safety of the current regimen in selected patients who have had prior MoAb therapy.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive cetuximab IV over 60-120 minutes on day 1 in weeks 1-8. Patients also receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes, oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours, and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours on day 1, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 48 hours on days 1 and 2 of weeks 1, 3, 5, and 7. Courses repeat every 8 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed for survival.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40-67 patients will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum which is beyond the scope of surgical resection (MEDRA code:"Colorectal neoplasms malignant","Colorectal cancer stage IV","10010035")
  • Measurable disease,
  • Life expectancy of greater than 3 months
  • ECOG performance status =< 1
  • Leukocytes >= 3,500/uL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/uL
  • Platelets >= 150,000/uL
  • Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
  • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) =< 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine within normal institutional limits
  • Patients may not have received prior therapy with bevacizumab or cetuximab
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to radiotherapy administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to any of the agents used in the study
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Serious or non-healing wound, ulcer or bone fracture
  • Invasive procedures defined as follows:

    • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to Day 1 therapy
    • Anticipation of need for major surgical procedures during the course of the study
    • Core biopsy within 7 days prior to D1 therapy
  • If a patient is on full-dose anticoagulants, the following criteria should be met for enrollment:

    • The subject must have an in-range INR (usually between 2 and 3) on a stable dose of warfarin or on stable dose of LMW heparin
    • The subject must not have active bleeding or pathological conditions that carry high risk of bleeding (e.g. tumor involving major vessels, known varices)
  • Active infection requiring parental antibiotics on D1
  • Proteinuria at baseline; subjects unexpectedly discovered to have >= 1+ proteinuria will undergo a 24-hour urine collection, which will be < 1000 mg protein/ 24 hours to be allowed participation in the study
  • No currently active second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in-situ of the cervix; patients are not considered to have a "currently active" malignancy if they have completed therapy and have no evidence of recurrence for at least 5 years
  • Patients with clinically significant cardiovascular disease:

    • Uncontrolled hypertension
    • Myocardial infarction or unstable angina < 6 months prior to registration
    • New York heart association grade II or greater congestive heart failure, serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication, unstable angina pectoris
    • Grade II or greater peripheral vascular disease
    • CVA within 6 months of study entry
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00100841

United States, New York
Montefiore Medical Center
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467-2490
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Allyson Ocean Montefiore Medical Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00100841     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-03006
NCI-6490 ( Other Identifier: CTEP ID )
N01CM62201 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
N01CM62204 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: January 6, 2005
Results First Received: June 26, 2015
Last Updated: June 26, 2015

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Rectal Neoplasms
Colonic Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Angiogenesis Inhibitors processed this record on May 25, 2017