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Depsipeptide/Flavopiridol Infusion for Cancers of the Lungs, Esophagus, Pleura, Thymus or Mediastinum

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00094978
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : October 29, 2004
Last Update Posted : December 12, 2019
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

This study will test the safety and effectiveness of two experimental medicines - depsipeptide and flavopiridol - given together to treat cancers of the lung, esophagus, and pleura. It will determine the highest dose that these drugs can safely be given together and will test whether giving them together works better at shrinking tumors than giving either one alone.

Patients 18 years of age and older with cancer of the lung, esophagus, or pleura, or other cancers that have spread to the lungs or pleura may be eligible for this study. Candidates are screened with a medical history and physical examination, blood tests, electrocardiogram (EKG), x-rays and scans, pulmonary function tests, and a tumor biopsy (removal of a small piece of tumor tissue for microscopic examination).

Participants are admitted to the hospital for treatment for approximately 10 days during each 28-day treatment cycle. Depsipeptide is infused through an arm vein or central venous catheter (tube placed in a large vein in the neck or chest) for 4 hours. When this infusion is complete, flavopiridol is infused over 72 hours. The dose of depsipeptide is increased four times over the period of the study with successive groups of patients, and flavopiridol is increased once to determine the maximum safe dose of giving these drugs together.

Blood tests are done before and after each depsipeptide infusion and 3 more times for the next 24 hours, and at various times over 4 days during the flavopiridol infusion to evaluate the effects of the medicines. Samples are also drawn periodically throughout the treatment cycle to evaluate safety. Heart function is monitored with several EKGs before and during the depsipeptide doses. The drug has shown effects on EKG tracings, but does not appear to injure the heart muscle.

Tumor biopsies are done before treatment begins and on the fifth day of the first treatment cycle. The biopsies may be done either in the operating room by passing a tube (bronchoscope) down the throat and into the lungs or in the Radiology Department using a thin needle put through the chest wall into the tumor. For the bronchoscopy, numbing medicine is sprayed into the back of the throat to reduce discomfort, and for the needle biopsy, the skin over the biopsy area is numbed. Optional repeat biopsies may be requested before the start of the second treatment cycle and on day 5 of that cycle. (The repeat biopsies are not required for participation in the study.) At the time of each tumor biopsy, a buccal mucosal biopsy is also done. This involves scraping a tongue depressor along the inside of the mouth to collect cells for examination.

At the end of the first treatment cycle, patients return to NIH for evaluation with a physical examination, blood work, x-rays, and scans of the chest, abdomen, pelvis, and brain. Patients who are not experiencing significant drug side effects are offered a second cycle, exactly like the first. The two cycles complete one course of treatment, after which patients once again return to NIH for evaluation. Additional treatment cycles may be offered to patients whose tumors have shrunk or remained stable with therapy. Patients whose tumors have not responded to therapy or who have developed severe drug side effects are taken off the study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Carcinoma, Small Cell Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung Esophageal Neoplasms Mesothelioma Drug: Depsipeptide Drug: Flavopiridol (alvocidib) Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Sequential Depsipeptide/Flavopiridol Infusion for Malignancies Involving Lungs, Esophagus, Pleura, Thymus or Mediastinum
Study Start Date : October 25, 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 20, 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : May 20, 2013

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

    1. Patients with histologically or cytologically proven small cell or non-small cell lung cancers, esophageal cancers, malignant pleural mesotheliomas chest wall sarcoma, or epithelial thymomas are eligible for evaluation. In addition, patients with cancers of nonthoracic origin with metastases to the lungs, pleura or germ cell tumors refractory to standard therapy are eligible for evaluation.
    2. Chemo naive patients with inoperable lung and esophageal cancers, pleural mesotheliomas, sarcoma, thymomas, as well as tumors of non-thoracic origin with metastasis within the thorax may be eligible for study provided they have been apprised of, and refused potentially effective first line chemotherapy.
    3. Patients with intracranial metastases which have been treated by surgery or radiation therapy may be eligible for study provided there is no evidence of active disease and no requirement for anticonvulsant therapy or steroids.
    4. Patients with prior Depsipeptide or Flavopiridol exposure are eligible for study provided they have not experienced dose limiting toxicity at the dose of DP or FLA that they are scheduled to receive.
    5. Patients must have had no chemotherapy, biologic therapy, or radiation therapy for their malignancy for at least 30 days prior to treatment. At least six weeks must elapse between mitomycin C or nitrosourea treatment and DP/FLA therapy. Patients may have received localized radiation therapy to non-target lesions provided that the radiotherapy is completed 14 days prior to commencing therapy, and the patient has recovered from any toxicity.
    6. Patients must have an ECOG performance status of 0 - 2.
    7. Patients must have adequate pulmonary reserve evidenced by FEV1 and DLCO greater than the 30% predicted, and pCO2 less than 50 mm Hg and pO2 greater than 60 mm Hg on room air ABG.
    8. Patients must be 18 years of age or older due to the unknown effects of HDAC inhibitors and cdk inhibitors during childhood and adolescent development.
    9. Patients must have a platelet count greater than 100,000, an ANC equal to or greater than 1500 without transfusion or cytokine support, a normal PT, and adequate hepatic function as evidenced by a total bilirubin of less than 1.5 x upper limits of normal, and AST/ALT less than or equal to 1.5 times upper limit of normal. Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.6 mg/ml or the creatinine clearance must be greater than 70 ml/min/1.73m(2).
    10. Patients must be aware of the neoplastic nature of his/her illness, the experimental nature of the therapy, alternative treatments, potential benefits, and risks. The patient must be willing to sign an informed consent.


  1. Patients with limited stage SCLC and operable NSCLC or operable esophageal cancer will be excluded.
  2. Patients with potentially treatable pulmonary metastases from lymphomas or germ cell tumors will be excluded.
  3. Patients who have received three or more systemic cytotoxic treatment regimens will be excluded due to possible cumulative marrow suppression.
  4. Cardiac exclusion criteria, patients with known cardiac abnormalities such as:

    Uncontrolled arrhythmias

    • History of serious ventricular arrhythmias not controlled by coronary artery bypass surgery.
    • Patients with a history of sustained VT, VF, Toursades de Pointes, or cardiac arrest who do not have an automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator in place.
    • Congenital Long QT syndrome or QTc greater than 480 msec.
    • Patients with Mobitz II second degree block who do not have a pacemaker.
    • Patients with any cardiac arrhythmia requiring anti-arrhythmic medication other than a beta blocker or calcium channel blocker.
    • Patients in whom digitalis cannot be discontinued.

    Decompensated heart failure (NYHA Class II or IV).

    LVEF less than 50% by MUGA scan or echocardiogram.

    Hypertrophic or restrictive cardiomyopathy from prior treatment of other causes and patients with left ventricular hypertrophy.

    Uncontrolled hypertension (i.e. greater than or equal to160/95).

    Myocardial infarction within one year of study.

    Clinically significant active myocardial ischemia on the basis of nuclear imaging or angiography.

    History of coronary artery disease (e.g. angina Canadian Class II-IV or positive stress imaging study).

    Patients with other cardiac disease may be excluded at the discretion of the PI following consultation with cardiology.

  5. Co-medication causing QTc prolongation (information at Appendix A and unless a 5 half-life washout period has elapsed between discontinuing the drug and entering this study.
  6. Patients with active intracranial and leptomeningeal metastases, as well as those requiring anticonvulsant medications or steroids to control cerebral edema will be excluded.
  7. Patients with life expectancy less than three months will be excluded.
  8. Patients with pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis requiring anticoagulation within six months of protocol entry will be excluded.
  9. Pregnant patients and nursing mothers will be excluded due to the unknown, potentially harmful effects of HDAC inhibitors and cdk inhibitors on fetal and early childhood development.
  10. Patients with active infections will be excluded.
  11. Patients with HIV infection will be excluded due to the potential risk of opportunistic infection during DP/FLA-induced myelosuppression and potentially deleterious activation of viral gene expression.
  12. Patients will have a screening 12 lead EKG and those patients with left ventricular hypertrophy will not be eligible.
  13. Patients who are taking hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) will have this agent stopped or switched to a potassium-conserving combination (e.g. Maxide or Dyazide) or other antihypertensive agent. Patients, who cannot have the agent stopped or switched to a potassium-conserving combination or other antihypertensive agent, will not be eligible.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00094978

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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: David S Schrump, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00094978    
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00098644
Other Study ID Numbers: 050010
First Posted: October 29, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 12, 2019
Last Verified: May 20, 2013
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Gene Induction
Maximally Tolerated Dose
Small Cell Lung Cancer
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Esophageal Cancer
Pleural Mesothelioma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Esophageal Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Small Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Mesothelial
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Growth Inhibitors
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs