Tipifarnib in Treating Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: October 6, 2004
Last updated: April 10, 2015
Last verified: December 2014

This randomized phase III trial studies tipifarnib in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia in remission. Tipifarnib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for their growth. It is not yet known whether tipifarnib is more effective than observation alone in preventing the recurrence of acute myeloid leukemia.

Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia Arising From Previous Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Adult Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia
Adult Acute Monocytic Leukemia
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13.1q22); CBFB-MYH11
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Maturation
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Minimal Differentiation
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13.1;q22); CBFB-MYH11
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22); RUNX1-RUNX1T1
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(9;11)(p22;q23); MLLT3-MLL
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Without Maturation
Adult Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia
Adult Erythroleukemia
Adult Pure Erythroid Leukemia
Alkylating Agent-Related Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Refractory Anemia With Excess Blasts in Transformation
Procedure: Clinical Observation
Drug: Tipifarnib
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized Study of Farnesyl Transferase Inhibitor R115777 in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Patients in Second or Subsequent Remission or in Remission After Primary Induction Failure or Patients Over Age 60 in First Remission

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease-free survival (DFS) [ Time Frame: From randomization until relapse or death from any cause, assessed up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Comparison of DFS between treatments will be conducted using the stratified log-rank test.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: From randomization until death from any cause, assessed up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 144
Study Start Date: August 2004
Primary Completion Date: February 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (tipifarnib)
Patients receive tipifarnib PO BID on days 1-21. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Tipifarnib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • R115777
  • Zarnestra
Arm II (clinical observation)
Patients undergo observation only.
Procedure: Clinical Observation
Undergo observation

Detailed Description:


I. To compare R115777 (tipifarnib) maintenance therapy to observation only with respect to disease-free survival in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in second or subsequent complete remission or in complete response (CR) following primary induction failure.


I. To compare overall survival of patients in both arms. II. To evaluate the long-term safety and toxicity of extended administration of R115777 in AML patients in remission.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive tipifarnib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-21. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients undergo observation only.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 5 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients eligible to enter this study must fall into one of these categories:

    • Patients in first remission following primary induction failure
    • Patients must have received at least two chemotherapy induction regimens
    • Patients in second or subsequent remission
    • Patients > 60 years old in first remission
  • Patients must be in CR or MR (morphologic remission) by blood counts and bone marrow studies to enter the study

    • Confirmatory bone marrow must be performed =< 2 weeks prior to randomization
  • Patients must have morphologic proof (from bone marrow aspirate, smears or touch preps of marrow biopsy) that they had AML of one of the following types prior to achievement of CR/MR

    • Acute myeloblastic leukemia, minimal differentiation (French-American-British [FAB] M0)
    • Acute myeloblastic leukemia without differentiation (FAB M1)
    • Acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (FAB M2)
    • Acute myelomonocytic leukemia (FAB M4)
    • Acute monocytic leukemia (FAB M5)
    • Acute erythroleukemia (FAB M6)
    • Acute megakaryocytic leukemia (FAB M7)
    • Refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation (RAEB-T)
    • AML by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria
    • Acute myeloid leukemia with multilineage dysplasia
  • Patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (FAB M3) are not eligible
  • Patients must be registered within 60 days of completion of therapy for the current remission; patients are eligible if they meet any of the criteria below:

    • Within 60 days of remission (CR or MR) by peripheral blood counts following induction therapy or
    • Within 60 days of discharge from the hospital following induction therapy or
    • Within 60 days of discharge from the hospital following post-remission therapy or
    • Within 60 days of recovery of blood counts following last dose of chemotherapy
  • All of the patients below are eligible for study entry:

    • Patients who have received consolidation therapy
    • Patients who have not received any consolidation or post remission therapy
    • Patients who have had an autologous stem cell transplant
  • Patients who have received an allogeneic transplant (bone marrow transplant [BMT] or peripheral stem cell transplant [PSCT]) in their current remission are ineligible; patients who have had an allogeneic transplant in a previous remission and are currently in remission after subsequent relapse are eligible
  • Patients with a history of extramedullary disease are eligible if they are in complete remission at the time of study entry and no longer requiring therapy for their extramedullary disease
  • Patients must not be pregnant or breast-feeding; all females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study < 2 weeks prior to randomization to rule out pregnancy
  • Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males are strongly advised to use an accepted and effective method of contraception
  • Patients must not be known to have an allergy to imidazole drugs, such as clotrimazole ketoconazole, miconazole, econazole, or terconazole; this does not include fluconazole, voriconazole, or itraconazole
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 - 2
  • Patients must not have active cardiac or pulmonary disease; but patient will be eligible if disease is medically controlled
  • Patients must not have active renal disease; creatinine must be =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal
  • Patients must not have active hepatic disease; total or direct bilirubin must be < 2 mg/dl
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) and serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) must be =< 2.5 times the upper limit of normal
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 50,000/mm^3
  • Patients must not be taking a hepatic enzyme-inducing anti-convulsant; a patient will not be eligible for the study if the patient is currently taking one of these agents and cannot be switched to a non-hepatic enzyme-inducing anti-convulsant
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00093470

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Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Selina Luger ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00093470     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-00535, NCI-2009-00535, E2902, E2902, E2902, U10CA180820, U10CA021115
Study First Received: October 6, 2004
Last Updated: April 10, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anemia, Refractory
Anemia, Refractory, with Excess of Blasts
Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute
Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute
Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Precancerous Conditions
Antineoplastic Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 09, 2015