Try our beta test site
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...

Impact of Gum Infection on Heart Disease

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Boston University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00093236
First received: October 5, 2004
Last updated: April 19, 2017
Last verified: April 2017
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of gum infection on parameters of cardio-vascular disease.

Condition Intervention
Cardiovascular Disease
Periodontal Disease
Procedure: Early Periodontal Treatment
Procedure: Usual Dental Hygiene

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Systemic Endothelial Consequences of Periodontal Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Boston University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Periodontal disease progression [ Time Frame: 3 wks, 12 wks, and 24 weeks ]
    Three weeks after initiation of the study, they will return and be re-evaluated for the need for periodontal surgery. If indicated, they will then receive definitive periodontal surgery over the next 4 weeks. At the 12-week time point, periodontal surgery will be reevaluated and further therapy provided as needed and make repeated visits as needed to achieve periodontal health. During this period, the Usual Hygiene Group will return for oral hygiene visits at the 3 and 12-week time points. After a 12-week period (24 week time point) to allow healing and resolution of a systemic inflammatory state, patients will return for follow-up measurements of periodontal parameters, vascular function and inflammation.


Enrollment: 174
Study Start Date: September 2004
Study Completion Date: December 8, 2012
Primary Completion Date: April 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Early Periodontal Treatment
Subjects will receive scaling, root planing and if needed periodontal surgery
Procedure: Early Periodontal Treatment
Subjects will receive scaling and root planing at baseline. Three weeks after initiation of the study, they will return and be re-evaluated for the need for periodontal surgery. If indicated, they will then receive definitive periodontal surgery over the next 4 weeks. At the 12-week time point, periodontal surgery will be reevaluated and further therapy provided as needed and make repeated visits as needed to achieve periodontal health.comprehensive periodontal treatment
Active Comparator: Usual Dental Hygiene
Subjects will receive routine oral hygiene
Procedure: Usual Dental Hygiene
Subjects will receive routine oral hygiene visits at the 3 and 12-week time points. After a 12-week period (24 week time point) to allow healing and resolution of a systemic inflammatory state, patients will return for follow-up measurements of periodontal parameters, vascular function and inflammation.

Detailed Description:
Epidemiological studies indicate that individuals with severe periodontal disease have significantly increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Periodontal disease, a chronic bacterial infection of the gums, is associated with recurrent bacteremia and a state of systemic inflammation that may convert endothelial cells to a pro-atherogenic phenotype with increased expression of inflammatory factors and loss of the anti-thrombotic, growth inhibitory, and vasodilator properties of the endothelium, including a decrease in the biological activity of nitric oxide. In human subjects, endothelial dysfunction has evolved into a well-accepted indicator of early atherosclerosis and predictor of increased cardiovascular disease risk. We have recently demonstrated a strong association between severe periodontal disease and endothelial vasomotor dysfunction in a case control study of otherwise healthy human subjects. In that study, periodontal disease was also associated with higher plasma levels of the acute phase reactant C-reactive protein (CRP). These results support the hypothesis that severe periodontal disease induces a state of systemic inflammation that impairs endothelial function, however, the cross-sectional design leaves open the possibility that confounding factors explain the results. We now propose to determine whether effective treatment of periodontal disease improves endothelial function (Aim 1) and reduces inflammation (Aim 2) in a randomized intervention study. Patients will receive comprehensive periodontal treatment designed to produce a state of periodontal health (scaling and root planing and periodontal surgery with re-treatment as needed) or routine oral hygiene and will be followed for 24 weeks. The study will examine endothelium-dependent brachial artery flow-mediated dilation, systemic markers of inflammation and endothelial activation (CRP, IL-6, myeloperoxidase, and ICAM-1), and oral markers of periodontitis (PGE2, myeloperoxidase, and pathogen DNA) before and after treatment. Compared to oral hygiene (which will stabilize, but not reverse periodontal disease), we hypothesize that comprehensive treatment of periodontal disease will improve endothelium-dependent dilation and reduce local and systemic inflammation. Further, we suggest that the degree of improvement in endothelial function will relate to the degree of reduction in specific markers of inflammation. Such results would provide much stronger evidence for causal links between periodontal disease, systemic inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction, a recognized surrogate for cardiovascular risk. The proposed studies will provide new insights into how periodontal disease contributes to cardiovascular disease risk in human subjects and may lead to new approaches to therapy.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. The study seeks to enroll patients with periodontal disease and no other major co-morbidities including cardiovascular disease or other major medical problems.
  2. In this intervention study, cigarette smokers will be permitted as justified below and randomized in stratified fashion to ensure equal numbers in the two treatment groups.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known cardiovascular disease including coronary heart disease, cerebral vascular disease, peripheral vascular disease, valvular heart disease, and congestive heart failure.
  2. Major coronary risk factors including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia requiring treatment according to the ATP-III guidelines.
  3. Other major illness including cancer, liver disease, renal disease, pulmonary disease, chronic infectious disease (including HIV and hepatitis C infection), rheumatological disease, hematological disease, or any condition requiring hospitalization or chronic medical therapy.
  4. Use of antibiotics within three months.
  5. Use of oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy.
  6. Major psychiatric illness requiring treatment or that might interfere with the ability to understand and cooperate with the protocol.
  7. Ongoing drug or alcohol abuse.
  8. Use of sildenafil (Viagra) within 7 days because of the risk of marked hypotension with nitroglycerin administration.
  9. History of migraine headaches that might be exacerbated by nitroglycerin.
  10. Use of cholesterol lowering therapy, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (subjects should not be taking these drugs because they will have no history of cardiovascular disease risk factors).
  11. Antioxidant vitamins (vitamin C or vitamin E) in doses exceeding the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA), (60 mg/day and 30 IU/day, respectively).
  12. Pregnancy, as diagnosed by serum beta-hCG.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00093236

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Boston University Medical Campus
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118
Sponsors and Collaborators
Boston University
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Salomon Amar, DMD, Ph.D Boston University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Boston University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00093236     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H-23262
R01DE015345 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: October 5, 2004
Last Updated: April 19, 2017
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Periodontal Diseases
Gingival Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 28, 2017