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Trial to Reduce Cardiovascular Events With Aranesp® Therapy (TREAT)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00093015
First Posted: September 29, 2004
Last Update Posted: June 14, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amgen
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of treatment of anemia with darbepoetin alfa to a hemoglobin target of 13 g/dL on (1) all-cause mortality and nonfatal cardiovascular events, and (2) progression to end-stage renal disease or death, in subjects with chronic kidney disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Academic PI/Executive Committee Chairman: Marc Pfeffer, MD, PhD


Condition Intervention Phase
Kidney Disease Diabetes Mellitus Anemia Drug: Placebo Drug: darbepoetin alfa Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Trial to Reduce Cardiovascular Events With Aranesp® Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Amgen:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to All-cause Mortality or Cardiovascular (CV) Events Including Hospitalization Due to Acute Myocardial Ischemia, Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), Myocardial Infarction (MI), and Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ]
    Time from randomization to the first confirmed composite event. Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.

  • Time to All-cause Mortality or End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ]
    Time from randomization to first event of all-cause mortality or ESRD. Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to All-cause Mortality [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ]
    Time from randomization to all-cause mortality. Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.

  • Time to Cardiovascular Mortality [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ]
    Time from randomization to cardiovascular (CV) mortality. Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.

  • Time to Myocardial Infarction [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ]
    Time from randomization to fatal or non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI). Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.

  • Time to Cerebrovascular Accident [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ]
    Time from randomization to fatal or non-fatal cerebrovascular accident (CVA). Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.

  • Time to Congestive Heart Failure [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ]
    Time from randomization to fatal or non-fatal congestive heart failure(CHF). Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.

  • Time to End Stage Renal Disease [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ]
    Time from randomization to end stage renal disease (ESRD). Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.

  • Rate of Decline in Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) Relative to Baseline [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ]
    GFR was estimated using the following MDRD formula: 186 x [Serum creatinine]^(-1.154) x [Age]^(-0.203) x [0.742 if subject is female] x [1.210 if subject is black]. Change from baseline in eGFR at week 49 for each treatment group are presented. The treatment effect of the rate of decline in eGFR per year was estimated using the mixed model.

  • Change in Patient Reported Fatigue Relative to Baseline at Week 25 [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 25 ]
    Change in patient reported fatigue measured by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT) - Fatigue scale from baseline to week 25. Range and direction of scale: 0 = most fatigue; 52 = least fatigue

  • Time to Hospitalization Due to Acute Myocardial Ischemia [ Time Frame: Until a primary cardiovascular event (death, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident) occurred or 28 March 2009, whichever occurred first ]
    Time from randomization to hospitalization due to acute myocardial ischemia. Kaplan-Meier estimate of the median time was not estimable due to low proportion of participants experiencing at least one events, therefore participants experiencing at least one event were summarized.


Enrollment: 4038
Study Start Date: August 2004
Study Completion Date: August 2009
Primary Completion Date: July 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Active Drug: darbepoetin alfa
Starting dose : 0.75 mcg/kg subcutaneous (SC) every two weeks (Q2W); subsequent doses titrated to achieve hemoglobin (Hb) target of 13.0 g/dL
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
Volume and dose frequency changes resembling dosing in the active treatment group

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Hemoglobin less than or equal to 11 g/dL
  • History of Chronic Kidney Disease
  • eGFR (estimated glomerular filtration rate) greater than or equal to 20 mL/min/1.73 m2 and less than or equal to 60 mL/min/1.73 m2
  • Tsat (transferrin saturation) greater than 15%

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Erythropoietic protein use within 12 weeks of randomization
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00093015


Sponsors and Collaborators
Amgen
Investigators
Study Director: MD Amgen
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Lewis EF, Pfeffer MA, Feng A, Uno H, McMurray JJ, Toto R, Gandra SR, Solomon SD, Moustafa M, Macdougall IC, Locatelli F, Parfrey PS; TREAT Investigators. Darbepoetin alfa impact on health status in diabetes patients with kidney disease: a randomized trial. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2011 Apr;6(4):845-55. doi: 10.2215/CJN.06450710. Epub 2011 Jan 6.
McMurray JJ, Uno H, Jarolim P, Desai AS, de Zeeuw D, Eckardt KU, Ivanovich P, Levey AS, Lewis EF, McGill JB, Parfrey P, Parving HH, Toto RM, Solomon SD, Pfeffer MA. Predictors of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and anemia: an analysis of the Trial to Reduce cardiovascular Events with Aranesp (darbepoetin-alfa) Therapy (TREAT). Am Heart J. 2011 Oct;162(4):748-755.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2011.07.016.
Mix TC, Brenner RM, Cooper ME, de Zeeuw D, Ivanovich P, Levey AS, McGill JB, McMurray JJ, Parfrey PS, Parving HH, Pereira BJ, Remuzzi G, Singh AK, Solomon SD, Stehman-Breen C, Toto RD, Pfeffer MA. Rationale--Trial to Reduce Cardiovascular Events with Aranesp Therapy (TREAT): evolving the management of cardiovascular risk in patients with chronic kidney disease. Am Heart J. 2005 Mar;149(3):408-13. Erratum in: Am Heart J. 2005 Jul;150(1):53.
Pfeffer MA, Burdmann EA, Chen CY, Cooper ME, de Zeeuw D, Eckardt KU, Feyzi JM, Ivanovich P, Kewalramani R, Levey AS, Lewis EF, McGill JB, McMurray JJ, Parfrey P, Parving HH, Remuzzi G, Singh AK, Solomon SD, Toto R; TREAT Investigators. A trial of darbepoetin alfa in type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease. N Engl J Med. 2009 Nov 19;361(21):2019-32. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa0907845. Epub 2009 Oct 30.
Solomon SD, Uno H, Lewis EF, Eckardt KU, Lin J, Burdmann EA, de Zeeuw D, Ivanovich P, Levey AS, Parfrey P, Remuzzi G, Singh AK, Toto R, Huang F, Rossert J, McMurray JJ, Pfeffer MA; Trial to Reduce Cardiovascular Events with Aranesp Therapy (TREAT) Investigators. Erythropoietic response and outcomes in kidney disease and type 2 diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2010 Sep 16;363(12):1146-55. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1005109.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Lewis EF, Claggett B, Parfrey PS, Burdmann EA, McMurray JJ, Solomon SD, Levey AS, Ivanovich P, Eckardt KU, Kewalramani R, Toto R, Pfeffer MA. Race and ethnicity influences on cardiovascular and renal events in patients with diabetes mellitus. Am Heart J. 2015 Aug;170(2):322-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2015.05.008. Epub 2015 May 22.
Bello NA, Pfeffer MA, Skali H, McGill JB, Rossert J, Olson KA, Weinrauch L, Cooper ME, de Zeeuw D, Rossing P, McMurray JJ, Solomon SD. Retinopathy and clinical outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and anemia. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2014 Apr 6;2(1):e000011. doi: 10.1136/bmjdrc-2013-000011. eCollection 2014.
Skali H, Parving HH, Parfrey PS, Burdmann EA, Lewis EF, Ivanovich P, Keithi-Reddy SR, McGill JB, McMurray JJ, Singh AK, Solomon SD, Uno H, Pfeffer MA; TREAT Investigators. Stroke in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and anemia treated with Darbepoetin Alfa: the trial to reduce cardiovascular events with Aranesp therapy (TREAT) experience. Circulation. 2011 Dec 20;124(25):2903-8. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.111.030411. Epub 2011 Nov 21.
Pfeffer MA, Burdmann EA, Chen CY, Cooper ME, de Zeeuw D, Eckardt KU, Ivanovich P, Kewalramani R, Levey AS, Lewis EF, McGill J, McMurray JJ, Parfrey P, Parving HH, Remuzzi G, Singh AK, Solomon SD, Toto R, Uno H; TREAT Investigators. Baseline characteristics in the Trial to Reduce Cardiovascular Events With Aranesp Therapy (TREAT). Am J Kidney Dis. 2009 Jul;54(1):59-69. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2009.04.008. Epub 2009 Jun 5.
Pfeffer MA; TREAT Executive Committee. An ongoing study of anemia correction in chronic kidney disease. N Engl J Med. 2007 Mar 1;356(9):959-61.

Responsible Party: Amgen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00093015     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 20010184
TREAT
First Submitted: September 28, 2004
First Posted: September 29, 2004
Results First Submitted: August 6, 2010
Results First Posted: September 2, 2010
Last Update Posted: June 14, 2017
Last Verified: May 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Kidney Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Darbepoetin alfa
Hematinics


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