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Natural History Study of Clinical and Biological Factors Determining Outcomes in Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00092235
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 22, 2004
Last Update Posted : August 5, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

  • Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is a multi-organ alloimmune and autoimmune disorder that occurs following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT). It is characterized by immune dysregulation, immunodeficiency, impaired organ function, and decreased survival.
  • Each year about 8000 patients receive allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (alloHSCT) in North America and about 50% of patients who are transplanted develop cGVHD.
  • Chronic GVHD is also a disorder that simultaneously affects many organ systems in highly variable fashion and requires complex and coordinated medical management by multiple medical specialties. There is an urgent need for progress in understanding and effective treatments for cGVHD as it is one of the most serious complications of cancer therapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Objectives:

  • To establish a multidisciplinary clinic infrastructure for study of the pathogenesis and natural history of cGVHD.
  • To prospectively identify clinical and biological prognostic markers in patients with cGVHD
  • To develop clinically relevant cGVHD grading scales
  • To identify novel biological characteristics of cGVHD and to describe them in the context of clinical history and presentation
  • To identify potential clinical and biological markers of cGVHD activity
  • To improve understanding of the biology of cGVHD-associated graft-versus-tumor effects
  • To identify potential patients for cGVHD treatment protocols at the NCI and NIH

Eligibility:

-Patients age 1 and older referred by the primary transplant physician for the evaluation of chronic graft-versus-host disease independent of underlying diagnosis.

Design:

  • Patient undergoes initial clinical and laboratory multispecialty work-up at the NCI cGVHD clinic.
  • Minimally invasive biopsies and rarely, deep tissue biopsy may be obtained to confirm the diagnosis and/or rule-out other pathologic process (in adults only).
  • Long tem data collection for evaluation of long-term outcomes will be conducted anually as feasible

Condition or disease
Chronic Graft vs Host Disease

Detailed Description:

Background:

  • Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is a multi-organ alloimmune and autoimmune disorder that occurs following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT). It is characterized by immune dysregulation, immunodeficiency, impaired organ function, and decreased survival.
  • Each year about 8000 patients receive allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (alloHSCT) in North America and about 50% of patients who are transplanted develop cGVHD.
  • Chronic GVHD is also a disorder that simultaneously affects many organ systems in highly variable fashion and requires complex and coordinated medical management by multiple medical specialties. There is an urgent need for progress in understanding and effective treatments for cGVHD as it is one of the most serious complications of cancer therapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Objectives:

  • To establish a multidisciplinary clinic infrastructure for study of the pathogenesis and natural history of cGVHD.
  • To prospectively identify clinical and biological prognostic markers in patients with cGVHD
  • To develop clinically relevant cGVHD grading scales
  • To identify novel biological characteristics of cGVHD and to describe them in the context of clinical history and presentation
  • To identify potential clinical and biological markers of cGVHD activity
  • To improve understanding of the biology of cGVHD-associated graft-versus-tumor effects
  • To identify potential patients for cGVHD treatment protocols at the NCI and NIH

Eligibility:

-Patients age 1 and older referred by the primary transplant physician for the evaluation of chronic graft-versus-host disease independent of underlying diagnosis.

Design:

  • Patient undergoes initial clinical and laboratory multispecialty work-up at the NCI cGVHD clinic.
  • Minimally invasive biopsies and rarely, deep tissue biopsy may be obtained to confirm the diagnosis and/or rule-out other pathologic process (in adults only).
  • Long tem data collection for evaluation of long-term outcomes will be conducted anually as feasible

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 650 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Natural History Study of Clinical and Biological Factors Determining Outcomes in Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease
Actual Study Start Date : October 26, 2004


Group/Cohort
Cohort 1
Patients who have undergone an allogeneic stem cell transplant and are diagnosed withcGVHD
Cohort 2
Pediatric patients who have undergone an allogeneic stem cell transplant and arediagnosed with cGVHD
Cohort 3
Patients who have undergone an allogeneic stem cell transplant and choose to submitbiopsy, blood and urine samples only
Cohort 4
Patients who have undergone an allogeneic stem cell transplant and are not diagnosed withcGVHD



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To establish a multidisciplinary clinic infrastructure for study of pathogenesis and natural history of cGVHD [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
    Assessment of clinical and biological characteristics of cGVHD.

  2. To prospectively identify candidate markers for clinical and biological prognostic factors in patients with cGVHD and develop a prognostic model [ Time Frame: 2 years + 3 months after protocol entry ]
    Patient evaluations resulting in collection of data via several medical specialties; data will be examined individually and against clinical outcomes

  3. To develop clinically relevant cGVHD grading scales [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
    Develop appropriate staging as a tool for measuring responses or outcomes in clinical studies through prospective collection andanalysis of data.

  4. To identify novel biological characteristics of cGVHD and to describe them in the context of clinical history and presentation [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
    Through collection of data via several medical specialties, assess the weight of specific clinical and biological characteristics and diseaseseverity scales for predicting major clinical outcomes.

  5. To identify potential clinical and biological markers of cGVHD activity [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
    Assessment of risk and outcome as related to molecular markers ofpathogenesis and/or stage of disease.

  6. To improve our current understanding of the biology of cGVHD associated graft-versus-tumor effects (GVT). [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
    Studying mechanisms of how cGVHD exerts its anti-cancereffects via laboratory analysis.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients will be selected via referrals or from patients who were on companion clinical protocols at the NIH.
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

    1. Any patient age 1 and older referred by the primary transplant physician for the evaluation of chronic graft-versus-host disease independently of age or underlying diagnosis;
    2. Patient or the patient's legal representative is able and willing to provide consent.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Significant medical condition or any other significant circumstance that could in the PIs assessment affect the patient's ability to tolerate, comply, or complete the study;
  2. Patients who in the PIs assessment have a life expectancy less than 3 months.

Note: Because it is not always possible to make a clear clinical distinction between acute and chronic GVHD, patients with acute GVHD are not a-priori excluded until the possibility of chronic GVHD is reliably excluded on the basis of the clinical assessments in the cGVHD clinic.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00092235


Contacts
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Contact: Steven Z Pavletic, M.D. (240) 760-6174 sp326h@nih.gov

Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact National Cancer Institute Referral Office    (888) NCI-1937      
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Steven Z Pavletic, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00092235     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00331968
Other Study ID Numbers: 040281
04-C-0281
First Posted: September 22, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 5, 2019
Last Verified: July 29, 2019
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ):
cGVHD-associated graft-versus-tumor effects (GVT)
Allo-HSCT controls
Leukapheresis
Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease
cGVHD
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Graft vs Host Disease
Immune System Diseases